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90: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Optimization and Approximation for Polyhedra in Separable Hilbert Spaces

Author(s):

Paolo d'Alessandro

Department of Mathematics,
Third University of Rome,
Italy.

E-mail: pdalex45@gmail.com

Abstract:

This paper studies infinite dimensional polyhedra, covering the case in which range spaces of operators defining inequality systems are not closed. A rangespace method of linear programming is generalized to infinite dimensions and finite dimensional methods of approximation are introduced.



32: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Generalizing Polyhedra to Infinite Dimension

Author(s):

Paolo d'Alessandro


Department of Mathematics, Third University of Rome,
Lgo S.L. Murialdo 1, 00146 Rome, Italy.


dalex@mat.uniroma3.it.


URL: http://www.mat.uniroma3.it/users/dalex/dalex.html.

Abstract:

This paper generalizes polyhedra to infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces as countable intersections of closed semispaces. Highlights are the structure theory that shows that a polyhedron is the sum of compact set (in a suitable topology) plus a closed pointed cone plus a closed subspace, giving the internal representation of polyhedra. In the final part the dual range space technique is extended to the solution of infinite dimensional LP problems.



21: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Ellipses Inscribed in Parallelograms

Author(s):

A. Horwitz

Penn State University,
25 Yearsley Mill Rd.
Media, PA 19063
U. S. A. 
alh4@psu.edu
 

Abstract:

We prove that there exists a unique ellipse of minimal eccentricity, EI, inscribed in a parallelogram, Ð. We also prove that the smallest nonnegative angle between equal conjugate diameters of $EI equals the smallest nonnegative angle between the diagonals of Ð. We also prove that if EM is the unique ellipse inscribed in a rectangle, R, which is tangent at the midpoints of the sides of R, then EM is the unique ellipse of minimal eccentricity, maximal area, and maximal arc length inscribed in R. Let Ð be any convex quadrilateral. In previous papers, the author proved that there is a unique ellipse of minimal eccentricity, EI, inscribed in Ð, and a unique ellipse, EO, of minimal eccentricity circumscribed about Ð. We defined Ð to be bielliptic if EI and EO have the same eccentricity. In this paper we show that a parallelogram, Ð, is bielliptic if and only if the square of the length of one of the diagonals of Ð equals twice the square of the length of one of the sides of Ð .



20: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Ellipses of Maximal Area and of Minimal Eccentricity Inscribed in a Convex Quadrilateral

Author(s):

Alan Horwitz

Penn State University,
25 Yearsley Mill Rd., Media, Pa 19063
alh4@psu.edu 
Url: www.math.psu.edu/horwitz

Abstract:

Let Ð be a convex quadrilateral in the plane and let M1 and M2 be the midpoints of the diagonals of Ð. It is well–known that if E is an ellipse inscribed in Ð, then the center of E must lie on Z, the open line segment connecting M1 and M2 . We use a theorem of Marden relating the foci of an ellipse tangent to the lines thru the sides of a triangle and the zeros of a partial fraction expansion to prove the converse: If P lies on Z, then there is a unique ellipse with center P inscribed in Ð. This completely characterizes the locus of centers of ellipses inscribed in Ð. We also show that there is a unique ellipse of maximal area inscribed in Ð. Finally, we prove our most signifigant results: There is a unique ellipse of minimal eccentricity inscribed in Ð.



15: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Viability Theory And Differential Lanchester Type Models For Combat.
Differential Systems.

Author(s):

G. Isac and A. Gosselin

Department Of Mathematics, Royal Military College Of Canada,
P.O. Box 17000, S
tn Forces, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7k 7b4

isac-g@rmc.ca
gosselin-a@rmc.ca

URL
:
http://www.rmc.ca/academic/math_cs/isac/index_e.html
URL
:
http://www.rmc.ca/academic/math_cs/gosselin/index_e.html

Abstract:

In 1914, F.W. Lanchester proposed several mathematical models based on differential equations to describe combat situations [34]. Since then, his work has been extensively modified to represent a variety of competitions including entire wars. Differential Lanchester type models have been studied from many angles by many authors in hundreds of papers and reports. Lanchester type models are used in the planning of optimal strategies, supply and tactics. In this paper, we will show how these models can be studied from a viability theory stand point. We will introduce the notion of winning cone and show that it is a viable cone for these models. In the last part of our paper we will use the viability theory of differential equations to study Lanchester type models from the optimal theory point of view.



14: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part I: Analytic Convex Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,

CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,

42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. Such a set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow thirty-one shape diagrams to be built. Most of these shape diagrams can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these thirty-one shape diagrams. The purpose of this paper is to present the first part of this study, by focusing on analytic compact convex sets. A set will be called analytic if its boundary is piecewise defined by explicit functions in such a way that the six geometrical functionals can be straightforwardly calculated. The second and third part of the comparative study are published in two following papers [19.20]. They are focused on analytic simply connected sets and convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected sets, respectively.



14: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Global Analysis on Riemannian Manifolds

Author(s):

Louis Omenyi and Michael Uchenna

Department of Mathematics, Computer Science, Statistics and Informatics,
Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike,
Nigeria.
E-mail: omenyi.louis@funai.edu.ng, michael.uchenna@funai.edu.ng
URL: http://www.funai.edu.ng

Abstract:

In this paper, an exposition of the central concept of global analysis on a Riemannan manifold is given. We extend the theory of smooth vector fields from open subsets of Euclidean space to Riemannan manifolds. Specifically, we prove that a Riemannian manifold admits a unique solution for a system of ordinary differential equations generated by the flow of smooth tangent vectors. The idea of partial differential equations on Riemannian manifold is highlighted on the unit sphere.



11: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Optimization Techniques on Affine Differential Manifolds

Author(s):

Ali S Rasheed, Faik Mayah and Ahmed A H AL-Jumaili

Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research,
Iraq.
E-mail: ahmedhashem@gmail.com
 

Department of Physics, College of Sciences,
University of Wasit,
Iraq.
E-mail: faik.mayah@gmail.com
 

Abstract:

In addition to solid ground of Riemannian manifolds fundamentals, this article interviews some popular optimization methods on Riemannian manifolds. Several optimization problems can be better stated on manifolds rather than Euclidean space, such as interior point methods, which in turns based on self-concordant functions (logarithmic barrier functions). Optimization schemes like the steepest descent scheme, the Newton scheme, and others can be extended to Riemannian manifolds. This paper introduces some Riemannian and non-Riemannian schemes on manifolds.



9: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Oscillations of First Order Linear Delay Difference Equations

Author(s):

G. E. Chatzarakis and I. P. Stavroulakis

Department of Mathematics, University of Ioannina,
451 10, Greece
ipstav@cc.uoi.gr


Abstract:

Consider the first order linear delay difference equation of the form   where  is a sequence of nonnegative real numbers, k is a positive integer and  denotes the forward difference operator  New oscillation criteria are established when the well-known oscillation conditions  and  are not satisfied. The results obtained essentially improve known results in the literature.



9: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Integer Sums of Powers of Trigonometric Functions (MOD p), for prime p

Author(s):

G. J. Tee

Department of Mathematics, University of Auckland, Auckland,
New Zealand
tee@math.auckland.ac.nz

Abstract:

Many multi--parameter families of congruences (mod p) are found for integer sums of  qth powers of the trigonometric functions over various sets of equidistant arguments, where p is any prime factor of q. Those congruences provide sensitive tests for the accuracy of software for evaluating trigonometric functions to high precision.



9: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some Homogeneous Cyclic Inequalities of Three Variables of Degree Three and Four

Author(s):

TETSUYA ANDO

Department of Mathematics and Informatics,
 Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, JAPAN

ando@math.s.chiba-u.ac.jp

Abstract:

We shall show that the three variable cubic inequality
    t2 (a3+b3+c3) + (t4-2t)(ab2+bc2+ca2)
            ≥ (2t3-1)(a2b+b2c+c2a) + (3t4-6t3+3t2-6t+3)abc

holds for non-negative a, b, c, and for any real number t.
We also show some similar three variable cyclic quartic inequalities.
 



9: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Inequalities for Discrete F-Divergence Measures: A Survey of Recent Results

Author(s):

Sever S. Dragomir1,2

1Mathematics, School of Engineering & Science
Victoria University, PO Box 14428
Melbourne City, MC 8001,
Australia
E-mail: sever.dragomir@vu.edu.au

 
2DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in the Mathematical and Statistical Sciences,
School of Computer Science & Applied Mathematics,
University of the Witwatersrand,
Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050,
South Africa
URL: http://rgmia.org/dragomir 

Abstract:

In this paper we survey some recent results obtained by the author in providing various bounds for the celebrated f-divergence measure for various classes of functions f. Several techniques including inequalities of Jensen and Slater types for convex functions are employed. Bounds in terms of Kullback-Leibler Distance, Hellinger Discrimination and Varation distance are provided. Approximations of the f-divergence measure by the use of the celebrated Ostrowski and Trapezoid inequalities are obtained. More accurate approximation formulae that make use of Taylor's expansion with integral remainder are also surveyed. A comprehensive list of recent papers by several authors related this important concept in information theory is also included as an appendix to the main text.



8: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Semivectorial Bilevel Optimization on Affine-Finsler-Metric Manifolds

Author(s):

Faik Mayah1, Ali S Rasheed2 and Naseif J. Al- Jawari3

1Department of Physics,
College of Sciences,
University of Wasit,
Iraq.
E-mail: faik.mayah@gmail.com


2Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research,
Iraq.
E-mail: ali.math2018@yahoo.com ahmedhashem@gmail.com

3Dept. of Mathematics,
College of Science,
Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad,
Iraq.
E-mail: nsaif642014@yahoo.com

Abstract:

A Finsler manifold is a differential manifold together with a Finsler metric, in this paper we construct a new class of Finsler metric affine manifolds on bilevel semivectorial with optimization problems. The first steps for this purpose involve the study of bilevel optimization on affine manifolds. The bilevel programming problem can be viewed as a static version of the noncooperative, two-person game which was introduced in the context of unbalanced economic markets. Bilevel optimization is a special kind of optimization where one problem is embedded within another.



7: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Ellipses of Minimal Area and of Minimal Eccentricity Circumscribed About a Convex Quadrilateral

Author(s):

Alan Horwitz

Penn State University,
25 Yearsley Mill Rd.,
Media, PA 19063,
U.S.A
alh4@psu.edu

Abstract:

First, we fill in key gaps in Steiner's nice characterization of the most nearly circular ellipse which passes through the vertices of a convex quadrilateral, . Steiner proved that there is only one pair of conjugate directions, M1 and M2, that belong to all ellipses of circumscription. Then he proves that if there is an ellipse, E, whose equal conjugate diameters possess the directional constants M1 and M2, then E must be an ellipse of circumscription which has minimal eccentricity. However, Steiner does not show the existence or uniqueness of such an ellipse. We prove that there is a unique ellipse of minimal eccentricity which passes through the vertices of  . We also show that there exists an ellipse which passes through the vertices of and whose equal conjugate diameters possess the directional constants M1 and M2. We also show that there exists a unique ellipse of minimal area which passes through the vertices of . Finally, we call a convex quadrilateral, , bielliptic if the unique inscribed and circumscribed ellipses of minimal eccentricity have the same eccentricity. This generalizes the notion of bicentric quadrilaterals. In particular, we show the existence of a bielliptic convex quadrilateral which is not bicentric.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Multilinear Fractional Integral Operators on Herz Spaces

Author(s):

Yasuo Komori-Furuya

School of High Technology and Human Welfare,
Tokai University, 317 Nishino Numazu Shizuoka, 410-0395
Japan

komori@wing.ncc.u-tokai.ac.jp

Abstract:

We prove the boundedness of the multilinear fractional integral operators of Kenig and Stein type on Herz spaces. We also show that our results are optimal.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Polyanalytic Functions on Subsets of Z[i]

Author(s):

Abtin Daghighi

Linköping University,
SE-581 83,
Sweden.

E-mail: abtindaghighi@gmail.com

Abstract:

For positive integers q we consider the kernel of the powers Lq where L is one of three kinds of discrete analogues of the Cauchy-Riemann operator. The first two kinds are well-studied, but the third kind less so. We give motivations for further study of the third kind especially since its symmetry makes it more appealing for the cases q 2.

From an algebraic perspective it makes sense that the chosen multiplication on the kernels is compatible with the choice of pseudo-powers. We propose such multiplications together with associated pseudo-powers. We develop a proof-tool in terms of certain sets of uniqueness.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Simplicial (co)-homology of Band Semigroup

Author(s):

Yasser Farhat

Academic Support Department,
Abu Dhabi Polytechnic,
P.O. Box 111499, Abu Dhabi,
UAE.

E-mail: yasser.farhat@adpoly.ac.ae, farhat.yasser.1@gmail.com

Abstract:

We consider the Banach algebra l1(S), with convolution, where S is a band semigroup. We prove directly, without using the cyclic cohomology, that the simplicial cohomology groups Hn(l1(S), l1(S)*) vanish for all n1. This proceeds in three steps. In each step, we introduce a bounded linear map. By iteration in each step, we achieve our goal.



5: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Sweeping Surfaces with Darboux Frame in Euclidean 3-space E3

Author(s):

F. Mofarreh, R. Abdel-Baky and N. Alluhaibi

Mathematical Science Department, Faculty of Science,
Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University
Riyadh  11546,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: fyalmofarrah@pnu.edu.sa

 
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science,
University of Assiut,
Assiut 71516,
Egypt.
E-mail: rbaky@live.com

Department of Mathematics Science and Arts, College Rabigh Campus,
 King Abdulaziz University
Jeddah,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: nallehaibi@kau.edu.sa

Abstract:

The curve on a regular surface has a moving frame and it is called Darboux frame. We introduce sweeping surfaces along the curve relating to the this frame and investigate their geometrical properties. Moreover, we obtain the necessary and sufficient conditions for these surfaces to be developable ruled surfaces. Finally, an example to illustrate the application of the results is introduced.



4: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Equilibria and Periodic Solutions of Projected Dynamical Systems on Sets with Corners

Author(s):

Matthew D. Johnston and Monica-Gabriela Cojocaru

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo,
Ontario, Canada
mdjohnst@math.uwaterloo.ca

Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Guelph,
Ontario, Canada
mcojocar@uoguelph.ca


Abstract:

Projected dynamical systems theory represents a bridge between the static worlds of variational inequalities and equilibrium problems, and the dynamic world of ordinary differential equations. A projected dynamical system (PDS) is given by the flow of a projected differential equation, an ordinary differential equation whose trajectories are restricted to a constraint set K. Projected differential equations are defined by discontinuous vector fields and so standard differential equations theory cannot apply. The formal study of PDS began in the 90's, although some results existed in the literature since the 70's. In this paper we present a novel result regarding existence of equilibria and periodic cycles of a finite dimensional PDS on constraint sets K, whose points satisfy a corner condition. The novelty is due to proving existence of boundary equilibria without using a variational inequality approach or monotonicity type conditions.



4: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Contact With Adhesion between a Deformable Body and a Foundation

Author(s):

B. Teniou and M. Sofonea

Laboratoire de Mathematiques Appliquées et Modélisation,
Université Mentouri, Constantine 25000,
Algeria
tenioubou2@yahoo.fr

Laboratoire de Mathématiques et Physiques pour les Systémes,
Univesité de Perpignan,
France.
sofonea@univ-perp.fr
 

Abstract:

The aim of this work is study a dynamic contact problem between a deformable body and a foundation where the deformations are supposed to be small. The contact is with adhesion and normal compliance. The behavior of this body is modeled by a nonlinear elastic-visco-plastic law. The evolution of bonding field is described by a nonlinear differential equation. We derive a variational formulation of the contact problem and we prove the existence and uniqueness of its solution. The proof is based on the construction of three intermediate problems and then we construct a contraction mapping whose unique fixed point will be the weak solution of the mechanical problem.



4: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Purely Unrectifiable Sets with Large Projections

Author(s):

Harold R. Parks

Department of Mathematics, Oregon State University,
Corvallis, Oregon 97331--4605,
USA
parks@math.oregonstate.edu
URL
: http://www.math.oregonstate.edu/people/view/parks/

Abstract:

For n2, we give a construction of a compact subset of that is dispersed enough that it is purely unrectifiable, but that nonetheless has an orthogonal projection that hits every point of an (n-1)-dimensional unit cube. Moreover, this subset has the additional surprising property that the orthogonal projection onto any straight line in is a set of positive 1-dimensional Hausdorff measure.



4: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Low Order Least-Squares Nonconforming Finite Element Method for Steady Magnetohydrodynamic Equations

Author(s):

Z. Yu, D. Shi and H. Zhu

College of Science,
Zhongyuan University of Technology,
Zhengzhou 450007,
China.
E-mail: 5772@zut.edu.cn

School of Mathematics and Statistics,
Zhengzhou University,
Zhengzhou 450001,
China.
E-mail: shi_dy@126.com

Mathematics Department,
University of Southern Mississippi,
Hattiesburg MS, 39406,
U.S.A
E-mail: huiqing.zhu@usm.edu

Abstract:

A low order least-squares nonconforming finite element (NFE) method is proposed for magnetohydrodynamic equations with EQ1rot element and zero-order Raviart-Thomas element. Based on the above element's typical interpolations properties, the existence and uniqueness of the approximate solutions are proved and the optimal order error estimates for the corresponding variables are derived.



4: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Solving Two Point Boundary Value Problems by Modified Sumudu Transform Homotopy Perturbation Method

Author(s):

Asem AL Nemrat and Zarita Zainuddin

School of Mathematical Sciences,
Universiti Sains Malaysia,
11800 Penang,
Malaysia.
E-mail: alnemrata@yahoo.com
zarita@usm.my

Abstract:

This paper considers a combined form of the Sumudu transform with the modified homotopy perturbation method (MHPM) to find approximate and analytical solutions for nonlinear two point boundary value problems. This method is called the modified Sumudu transform homotopy perturbation method (MSTHPM). The suggested technique avoids the round-off errors and finds the solution without any restrictive assumptions or discretization. We will introduce an appropriate initial approximation and furthermore, the residual error will be canceled in some points of the interval (RECP). Only a first order approximation of MSTHPM will be required, as compared to STHPM, which needs more iterations for the same cases of study. After comparing figures between approximate, MSTHPM, STHPM and numerical solutions, it is found through the solutions we have obtained that they are highly accurate, indicating that the MSTHPM is very effective, simple and can be used to solve other types of nonlinear boundary value problems (BVPs).



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On a Generalized Biharmonic Equation in Plane Polars with Applications to Functionally Graded Materials

Author(s):

Ciro D'Apice

Department of Information Engineering and Applied Mathematics (DIIMA),
University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano (SA),
Salerno, Italy.
dapice@diima.unisa.it


Abstract:

In this paper we consider a generalized biharmonic equation modelling a two-dimensional inhomogeneous elastic state in the curvilinear rectangle where denote plane polar coordinates. Such an arch--like region is maintained in equilibrium under self--equilibrated traction applied on the edge while the other three edges and are traction free. Our aim is to derive some explicit spatial exponential decay bounds for the specific Airy stress function and its derivatives. Two types of smoothly varying inhomogeneity are considered: (i) the elastic moduli vary smoothly with the polar angle, (ii) they vary smoothly with the polar distance. Such types of smoothly varying inhomogeneous elastic materials provide a model for technological important functionally graded materials. The results of the present paper prove how the spatial decay rate varies with the constitutive profile.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

An Improvement of the Hermite-Hadamard Inequality for Functions Convex on the Coordinates

Author(s):

Milica Klaričić Bakula

Faculty of Science,
University of Split,
Teslina 12, 21000 Split.
Croatia

E-mail: milica@pmfst.hr

Abstract:

An improvement of the Hermite-Hadamard inequality for functions convex on the coordinates is given.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Ostrowski Type Inequalities for Lebesgue Integral: a Survey of Recent Results

Author(s):

Sever S. Dragomir1,2

1Mathematics, School of Engineering & Science
Victoria University, PO Box 14428
Melbourne City, MC 8001,
Australia
E-mail: sever.dragomir@vu.edu.au

 
2DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in the Mathematical and Statistical Sciences,
School of Computer Science & Applied Mathematics,
University of the Witwatersrand,
Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050,
South Africa
URL: http://rgmia.org/dragomir 

Abstract:

The main aim of this survey is to present recent results concerning Ostrowski type inequalities for the Lebesgue integral of various classes of complex and real-valued functions. The survey is intended for use by both researchers in various fields of Classical and Modern Analysis and Mathematical Inequalities and their Applications, domains which have grown exponentially in the last decade, as well as by postgraduate students and scientists applying inequalities in their specific areas.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Mapped Chebyshev Spectral Methods for Solving Second Kind Integral Equations on the Real Line

Author(s):

Ahmed Guechi and Azedine Rahmoune

Department of Mathematics, University of Bordj Bou Arréridj,
El Anasser, 34030, BBA,
Algeria.
E-mail: a.guechi2017@gmail.com
E-mail: a.rahmoune@univ-bba.dz

Abstract:

In this paper we investigate the utility of mappings to solve numerically an important class of integral equations on the real line. The main idea is to map the infinite interval to a finite one and use Chebyshev spectral-collocation method to solve the mapped integral equation in the finite interval. Numerical examples are presented to illustrate the accuracy of the method.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Analysis of a Frictional Contact Problem for Viscoelastic Piezoelectric Materials

Author(s):

Meziane Said Ameur, Tedjani Hadj Ammar and Laid Maiza

Departement of Mathematics,
El Oued University,
P.O. Box 789, 39000 El Oued,
Algeria.
E-mail: said-ameur-meziane@univ-eloued.dz

Departement of Mathematics,
El Oued University,
P.O. Box 789, 39000 El Oued,
Algeria.
E-mail: hadjammar-tedjani@univ-eloued.dz

Department of Mathematics,
Kasdi Merbah University,
30000 Ouargla,
Algeria.
E-mail: maiza.laid@univ-ouargla.dz

 

Abstract:

In this paper, we consider a mathematical model that describes the quasi-static process of contact between two thermo-electro-viscoelastic bodies with damage and adhesion. The damage of the materials caused by elastic deformations. The contact is frictional and modeled with a normal compliance condition involving adhesion effect of contact surfaces. Evolution of the bonding field is described by a first order differential equation. We derive variational formulation for the model and prove an existence and uniqueness result of the weak solution. The proof is based on arguments of evolutionary variational inequalities, parabolic inequalities, differential equations, and fixed point theorem.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Ruled Surfaces According to Quasi-Frame in Euclidean 3-Space

Author(s):

M. Khalifa Saad and R. A. Abdel-Baky

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science,
Islamic University of Madinah,
KSA.
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science,
Sohag University, Sohag,
EGYPT.
E-mail: mohamed_khalifa77@science.sohag.edu.eg, mohammed.khalifa@iu.edu.sa

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science,
Assiut University, Assiut,
EGYPT.
E-mail: rbaky@live.com

Abstract:

This paper aims to study the skew ruled surfaces by using the quasi-frame of Smarandache curves in the Euclidean 3-space. Also, we reveal the relationship between Serret-Frenet and quasi-frames and give a parametric representation of a directional ruled surface using the quasi-frame. Besides, some comparative examples are given and plotted which support our method and main results.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Analysis of a Dynamic Elasto-viscoplastic Frictionless Antiplan Contact Problem with Normal Compliance

Author(s):

A. Ourahmoun1, B. Bouderah2, T. Serrar3

1,2Applied Mathematics Laboratory,
M'sila University, 28000,
Algeria.
E-mail: ourahmounabbes@yahoo.fr

3Applied Mathematics Laboratory,
Setif 1 University, 19000,
Algeria.

Abstract:

We consider a mathematical model which describes the dynamic evolution of a thermo elasto viscoplastic contact problem between a body and a rigid foundation. The mechanical and thermal properties of the obstacle coating material near its surface. A variational formulation of this dynamic contact phenomenon is derived in the context of general models of thermo elasto viscoplastic materials. The displacements and temperatures of the bodies in contact are governed by the coupled system consisting of a variational inequality and a parabolic differential equation. The proof is based on a classical existence and uniqueness result on parabolic inequalities,differential equations and fixed point arguments.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

New Coincidence and Fixed Point Theorems for Strictly Contractive Hybrid Maps

Author(s):

S. L. Singh and Amal M. Hashim

21, Govind Nagar, Rishikesh 249201,
Ua, India
vedicmri@sancharnet.in

Dept. of Math., College of Science,
Univ. of Basarah,
Iraq.
 

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to study the (EA)-property and noncompatible maps of a hybrid pair of single-valued and multivalued maps in fixed point considerations. Such maps have the remarkable property that they need not be continuous at their common fixed points. We use this property to obtain some coincidence and fixed point theorems for strictly contractive hybrid maps without using their continuity and completeness or compactness of the space.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Approximation of Common Fixed Points of a Finite Family of Asymptotically Demicontractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

Author(s):

Yuchao Tang, Yong Cai, Liqun Hu and Liwei Liu


 Department of Mathematics, NanChang University,
Nanchang 330031, P.R. China
 Department of Mathematics, Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, P.R. China


hhaaoo1331@yahoo.com.cn
 

Abstract:

By virtue of new analytic techniques, we analyze and study
several strong convergence theorems for the approximation of
common fixed points of asymptotically demicontractive mappings
via the multistep iterative sequence with errors in Banach
spaces. Our results improve and extend the corresponding ones
announced by Osilike , Osilike and Aniagbosor, Igbokwe, Cho et
al., Moore and Nnoli, Hu and all the others.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Hyperbolic Models Arising in the Theory of Longitudinal Vibration of Elastic Bars

Author(s):

1I. Fedotov, 1J. Marais, 1,2M. Shatalov and 1H.M. Tenkam


1Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
Tshwane University of Technology
 Private Bag X6680, Pretoria 0001
South Africa.


fedotovi@tut.ac.za, julian.marais@gmail.com, djouosseutenkamhm@tut.ac.za.

 2Manufacturing and Materials
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
P.O. Box 395, Pretoria, 0001
South Africa.
mshatlov@csir.co.za

 

Abstract:

In this paper a unified approach to the derivation of families of one
dimensional hyperbolic differential equations and boundary conditions describing
the longitudinal vibration of elastic bars is outlined. The longitudinal and
lateral displacements are expressed in the form of a power series expansion in
the lateral coordinate. Equations of motion and boundary conditions are derived
using Hamilton's variational principle. Most of the well known models in this
field fall within the frames of the proposed theory, including the classical
model, and the more elaborated models proposed by by Rayleigh, Love, Bishop,
Mindlin, Herrmann and McNiven. The exact solution is presented for the
Mindlin-Herrmann case in terms of Green functions. Finally, deductions regarding
the accuracy of the models are made by comparison with the exact
Pochhammer-Chree solution for an isotropic cylinder.



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Paper's Title:

Unital Compact Homomorphisms Between Extended Analytic Uniform Algebras

Author(s):

D. Alimohammadi and M. Mayghani

Department of Mathematics,
Faculty of Science, Arak University,
PO Box 38156-8-8349, Arak,
Iran.

d-alimohammadi@araku.ac.ir

m-maighany@yahoo.com

Abstract:

Let X and K be compact plane sets with KX. We denote by A(X,K) and A(X) the algebras of all continuous complex-valued functions on X which are analytic on int(K) and int(X), respectively. It is known that A(X,K) and A(X) are natural uniform algebras on X. A(X) and A(X,K) are called analytic uniform algebra and extended analytic uniform algebra on X, respectively. In this paper we study unital homomorphisms between extended analytic uniform algebras and investigate necessary and sufficient conditions for which these homomorphisms to be compact. We also determine the spectrum of unital compact endomorphisms of extended analytic uniform algebras.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Dynamic Contact Problem for an Electro Viscoelastic Body

Author(s):

Denche M. and Ait Kaki L.

Laboratoire Equations Differentielles,
Departement de Mathematiques,
Universite Constantine 1,
Algeria.

Ecole Normale Superieure,
Departement des Sciences Exactes et Informatique,
Plateau Mansourah, Constantine.
Algeria.

E-mail: m.denche@umc.edu.dz
leilaitkaki@yahoo.fr

Abstract:

We consider a dynamic problem which describes a contact between a piezoelectric body and a conductive foundation. The frictionless contact is modelled with the normal compliance, the electric conditions are supposed almost perfect. We prove the existence of a unique weak solution for almost perfect electric contact.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Kinematic Model for Magnetic Null-points in 2 Dimensions

Author(s):

Ali Khalaf Hussain Al-Hachami

Department of Mathematics,
College of Education For Pure Sciences,
Wasit University,
Iraq.
E-mail: alhachamia@uowasit.edu.iq

Abstract:

The adjacent configurations of two-dimensional magnetic null point centers are analyzed by an immediate examination about the null. The configurations are classified as either potential or non-potential. By then the non-potential cases are subdivided into three cases depending upon whether the component of current is less than, equal to or greater than a threshold current. In addition the essential structure of reconnection in 2D is examined. It unfolds that the manner by which the magnetic flux is rebuilt. In this paper, we center on the ramifications of kinematic arrangements; that is, we fathom just Maxwell's conditions and a resistive Ohm's law.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Numerical Approximation by the Method of Lines with Finite-volume Approach of a Solute Transport Equation in Periodic Heterogeneous Porous Medium

Author(s):

D. J. Bambi Pemba and B. Ondami

Université Marien Ngouabi,
Factuté des Sciences et Techniques,
BP 69, Brazzaville,
Congo.
E-mail: bondami@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this paper we are interested in the numerical approximation of a two-dimensional solute transport equation in heterogeneous porous media having periodic structures. It is a class of problems which has been the subject of various works in the literature, where different methods are proposed for the determination of the so-called homogenized problem. We are interested in this paper, in the direct resolution of the problem, and we use the method of lines with a finite volume approach to discretize this equation. This discretization leads to an ordinary differential equation (ODE) that we discretize by the Euler implicit scheme. Numerical experiments comparing the obtained solution and the homogenized problem solution are presented. They show that the precision and robustness of this method depend on the ratio between, the mesh size and the parameter involved in the periodic homogenization.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Positive Solutions of Evolution Operator Equations

Author(s):

Radu Precup

Department of Applied Mathematics,
Babes-Bolyai University,
Cluj, Romania

Abstract:

Existence and localization results are derived from Krasnoselskii’s compressionexpansion fixed point theorem in cones, for operator equations in spaces of continuous functions from a compact real interval to an abstract space. The main idea, first used in [12], is to handle two equivalent operator forms of the equation, one of fixed point type giving the operator to which Krasnoselskii’s theorem applies and an other one of coincidence type which is used to localize a positive solution in a shell. An application is presented for a boundary value problem associated to a fourth order partial differential equation on a rectangular domain.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Weak Solution for Hyperbolic Equations with a Non-Local Condition

Author(s):

Lazhar Bougoffa

King Khalid University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics,
P.O.Box 9004, Abha, Saudi Arabia

abogafah@kku.edu.sa

 

Abstract:

In this paper, we study hyperbolic equations with a non-local condition. We prove the existence and uniqueness of weak solutions, using energy inequality and the density of the range of the operator generated by the problem.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

An Easy and Efficient Way for Solving A class of Singular Two Point Boundary Value Problems

Author(s):

Muhammed I. Syam, Muhammed N. Anwar and Basem S. Attili

Mathematical Sciences Department
United Arab Emirates University, P. O. Box 17551
Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates
b.attili@uaeu.ac.ae

Abstract:

We will consider an efficient and easy way for solving a certain class of singular two point boundary value problems. We will employ the least squares method which proved to be efficient for this type of problems. Enough examples that were considered by others will be solved with comparison with the results presented there.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A New Step Size Rule in Noor's Method for Solving General Variational Inequalities

Author(s):

Abdellah Bnouhachem

School of Management Science and Engineering, Nanjing University,
Nanjing, 210093
P.R. China.
babedallah@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper, we propose a new step size rule in Noor's method for solving general variational inequalities. Under suitable conditions, we prove that the new method is globally convergent. Preliminary numerical experiments are included to illustrate the advantage and efficiency of the proposed method.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Ergodic Solenoidal Homology II: Density of Ergodic Solenoids

Author(s):

Vicente Muñoz and Ricardo Pérez Marco

Instituto de Ciencias Matemáticas CSIC-UAM-UC3M-UCM,
 Serrano 113 bis, 28006 Madrid,
Spain
 and
Facultad de Matem
áticas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid,
 Plaza de Ciencias 3, 28040 Madrid,
Spain

CNRS, LAGA UMR 7539, Universit
é Paris XIII,
99 Avenue J.-B. Cl\'ement, 93430-Villetaneuse,
France

vicente.munoz@imaff.cfmac.csic.es
ricardo@math.univ-paris13.fr

Abstract:

A measured solenoid is a laminated space endowed with a tranversal measure invariant by holonomy. A measured solenoid immersed in a smooth manifold produces a closed current (known as a generalized Ruelle-Sullivan current). Uniquely ergodic solenoids are those for which there is a unique (up to scalars) transversal measure. It is known that for any smooth manifold, any real homology class is represented by a uniquely ergodic solenoid. In this paper, we prove that the currents associated to uniquely ergodic solenoids are dense in the space of closed currents, therefore proving the abundance of such objects.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some Open Problems in Analysis

Author(s):

A.G. Ramm

Mathematics Department, Kansas State University,
Manhattan, KS 66506-2602,
USA
ramm@math.ksu.edu
URL
: http://www.math.ksu.edu/~ramm

Abstract:

In this paper some open problems in analysis are formulated. These problems were formulated and discussed by the author at ICMAA6.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Hyers-Ulam-Rassias Stability of a Generalized Jensen Functional Equation

Author(s):

A. Charifi, B. Bouikhalene, E. Elqorachi and A. Redouani

Department of
Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences,
Ibn Tofail University,
Kenitra, Morocco
charifi2000@yahoo.fr bbouikhalene@yahoo.fr

Department of
Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences,
Ibn Zohr University,
Agadir, Morocco
elqorachi@hotmail.com Redouani-ahmed@yahoo.fr
 

Abstract:

In this paper we obtain the Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability for the generalized Jensen's functional equation in abelian group (G,+). Furthermore we discuss the case where G is amenable and we give a note on the Hyers-Ulam-stability of the K-spherical (n × n)-matrix functional equation.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On some Strongly Nonlinear Elliptic Problems in -data with a Nonlinearity Having a Constant Sign in Orlicz Spaces via Penalization Methods

Author(s):

E. Azroul, A. Benkirane and M. Rhoudaf

Dep. Math., Faculté des Sciences Dhar-Mahraz,
B.P 1796 Atlas Fès,
Maroc

Departement of Mathematics,
Faculty of Sciences and Techniques of Tangier,
B.P. 416, Tangier,
Morocco.
rhoudaf_mohamed@yahoo.fr

Abstract:

This paper is concerned with the existence result of the unilateral problem associated to the equations of the type

in Orlicz spaces, without assuming the sign condition in the nonlinearity g. The source term f belongs to L¹(Ώ).



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part III: Convexity Discrimination for Analytic and Discretized Simply Connected Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,
CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,
42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. However, they can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. A compact set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow twenty-two shape diagrams to be built. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these twenty-two shape diagrams. The two first parts of this study are published in previous papers 8,9. They focus on analytic compact convex sets and analytic simply connected compact sets, respectively. The purpose of this paper is to present the third part, by focusing on the convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected compact sets..



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A New Property of General Means of Order p with an Application to the Theory of Economic Growth

Author(s):

Olivier de La Grandville

 Department of Management Science and Engineering,
Huang Engineering Center, Stanford University,
475 Via Ortega, Stanford, California 94305
U.S.A.

lagrandvil@aol.com

 

Abstract:

The purpose of this note is to demonstrate a new property of the general mean of order p of m ordered positive numbers . If p < 0 and if , the elasticity of with respect to xm, defined by , tends towards zero, and therefore . This property is then applied to optimal growth theory.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Application of Equivalence Method to Classify Monge-Ampère Equations of Elliptic Type

Author(s):

Moheddine Imsatfia

E-mail: imsatfia@math.jussieu.fr 

Abstract:

In this paper, we apply Cartan's equivalence method to give a local classification of Monge-Ampère equations of elliptic type. Then we find a necessary and sufficient conditions such that a Monge-Ampère equation is either contactomorphic to the Laplace equation or to an Euler-Lagrange equation.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Eigenvalues and Boundary Curvature of the C*-algebra Numerical Rang

Author(s):

M. T. Heydari

Department of Mathematics,
College of Sciences,
Yasouj University,
Yasouj, 75914-74831,
Iran.

E-mail: heydari@yu.ac.ir 

Abstract:

Let A be a C*-algebra with unit 1 and a∈A be a nilpotent. By Donoghue's Theorem, all corner points of its numerical range V(a) belong to the spectrum σ(a). It is therefore natural to expect that, more generally, the distance from a point p on the boundary ∂ V(a) of V(a) to σ(a) should be in some sense bounded by the radius of curvature of ∂ V(a) at p.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Credibility Based Fuzzy Entropy Measure

Author(s):

G. Yari, M. Rahimi, B. Moomivand and P. Kumar

Department of Mathematics,
Iran University of Science and Technology,
Tehran,
Iran.
E-mail: Yari@iust.ac.ir
E-mail: Mt_Rahimi@iust.ac.ir
URL: http://www.iust.ac.ir/find.php?item=30.11101.20484.en
URL: http://webpages.iust.ac.ir/mt_rahimi/en.html

Qarzol-hasaneh
Mehr Iran Bank, Tehran,
Iran.
E-mail: B.moomivand@qmb.ir

Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
University of Northern British Columbia,
Prince George, BC,
Canada.
E-mail: Pranesh.Kumar@unbc.ca

Abstract:

Fuzzy entropy is the entropy of a fuzzy variable, loosely representing the information of uncertainty. This paper, first examines both previous membership and credibility based entropy measures in fuzzy environment, and then suggests an extended credibility based measure which satisfies mostly in Du Luca and Termini axioms. Furthermore, using credibility and the proposed measure, the relative entropy is defined to measure uncertainty between fuzzy numbers. Finally we provide some properties of this Credibility based fuzzy entropy measure and to clarify, give some examples.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Extreme Curvature of Polynomials and Level Sets

Author(s):

Stephanie P. Edwards, arah J. Jensen, Edward Niedermeyer, and Lindsay Willett

Department of Mathematics,
Hope College,
Holland, MI 49423,
U.S.A.
E-mail: sedwards@hope.edu
E-mail: tarahjaye@gmail.com
E-mail: eddie.niedermeyer@gmail.com
E-mail: willettlm1@gmail.com
WWW: http://math.hope.edu/sedwards/

Abstract:

Let f be a real polynomial of degree n. Determining the maximum number of zeros of kappa, the curvature of f, is an easy problem: since the zeros of kappa are the zeros of f'', the curvature of f is 0 at most n-2 times. A much more intriguing problem is to determine the maximum number of relative extreme values for the function kappa. Since kappa'=0 at each extreme point of kappa, we are interested in the maximum number of zeros of kappa'. In 2004, the first author and R. Gordon showed that if all the zeros of f'' are real, then f has at most n-1 points of extreme curvature. We use level curves and auxiliary functions to study the zeros of the derivatives of these functions. We provide a partial solution to this problem, showing that f has at most n-1 points of extreme curvature, given certain geometrical conditions. The conjecture that f has at most n-1 points of extreme curvature remains open.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Stability Analysis Epidemic Model of SIR Type (Susceptible, Infectious, Recovered) On The Spread Dynamic of Malaria in Ambon City

Author(s):

Alwi Smith

Education Faculty, Biology Education Programme,
University of Pattimura,
Ir. M. Putuhena Street, Poka Ambon, Moluccas, 97233,
Indonesia.
E-mail:  alwi.smith1963@gmail.com

Abstract:

This research discusses the spread of malaria in Ambon city through SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model. This research analyzes the stability of equilibrium point on deterministic model and Basic Reproduction Ratio (R0). The result shows that the epidemic model has two equilibrium points. They are disease free equilibrium, [E0=[S,I,R]=[1,0,0]], and epidemic equilibrium, Ei=[S,I,R]= [5,497808;-3,680341;-0,818288]. The Basic Reproduction Ratio of malaria disease in Ambon city is 0,181891. This result implies that malaria disease in Ambon will not be an endemic, because malaria disease in Ambon city will be eradicated slowly over time.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

The Influence of Fluid Pressure in Macromechanical Cochlear Model

Author(s):

F. E. Aboulkhouatem1, F. Kouilily1, N. Achtaich1, N. Yousfi1 and M. El Khasmi2

1Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Sciences
Ben M'sik, Hassan II University, Casablanca,
Morocco.

2Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences
Ben M'sik, Hassan II University, Casablanca,
Morocco.

E-mail: fatiaboulkhouatem@gemail.com
URL: http://www.fsb.univh2c.ma/

Abstract:

An increase of pressure in the structure of cochlea may cause a hearing loss. In this paper, we established the relationship between the fluid pressure and the amplitude of displacement of Basilar Membrane to clarify the mechanisms of hearing loss caused by increasing of this pressure. So, a mathematical cochlear model was formulated using finite difference method in order to explain and demonstrate this malfunction in passive model. Numerical simulations may be considered as helpful tools which may extend and complete the understanding of a cochlea dysfunction.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some Convergence Results for  Jungck-Am Iterative Process In Hyperbolic Spaces

Author(s):

Akindele Adebayo Mebawondu and Oluwatosin Temitope Mewomo

School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa.
E-mail: 216028272@stu.ukzn.ac.za, mewomoo@ukzn.ac.za

Abstract:

In this paper, we introduce a new three steps iterative process called Jungck-AM iterative process and show that the proposed iterative process can be used to approximate fixed points of Jungck-contractive type mappings and Jungck-Suzuki type mappings. In addition, we establish some strong and Δ-convergence results for the approximation of fixed points of Jungck-Suzuki type mappings in the frame work of uniformly convex hyperbolic space. Furthermore, we show that the newly proposed iterative process has a better rate of convergence compare to the Jungck-Noor, Jungck-SP, Jungck-CR and some existing iterative processes in the literature. Finally, stability, data dependency results for Jungck-AM iterative process is established and we present an analytical proof and numerical examples to validate our claim.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Action of Differential Operators On Chirpsconstruct On L

Author(s):

Taoufik El Bouayachi and Naji Yebari

Laboratoire de Mathematiques et applications,
Faculty of sciences and techniques, Tangier,
Morocco.
E-mail: figo407@gmail.com, yebarinaji@gmail.com

Abstract:

We will study in this work the action of differential operators on L chirps and we will give a new definition of logarithmic chirp. Finally we will study the action of singular integral operators on chirps by wavelet characterization and Kernel method.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

The Concept of Convergence for 2-Dimensional Subspaces Sequence in Normed Spaces

Author(s):

M. Manuharawati, D. N. Yunianti, M. Jakfar

Mathematics Department, Universitas Negeri Surabaya,
Jalan Ketintang Gedung C8,
Surabaya 60321,
Indonesia.
E-mail: manuharawati@unesa.ac.id, dwiyunianti@unesa.ac.id,
muhammadjakfar@unesa.ac.id

Abstract:

In this paper, we present a concept of convergence of sequence, especially, of 2-dimensional subspaces of normed spaces. The properties of the concept are established. As consequences of our definition in an inner product space, we also obtain the continuity property of the angle between two 2-dimensional subspaces of inner product spaces.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Fractional exp(-φ(ξ))- Expansion Method and its Application to Space--Time Nonlinear Fractional Equations

Author(s):

A. A. Moussa and L. A. Alhakim

Department of Management Information System and Production Management,
College of Business and Economics, Qassim University,
P.O. BOX 6666, Buraidah: 51452,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: Alaamath81@gmail.com
URL: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=ccztZdsAAAAJ&hl=ar

Department of Management Information System and Production Management,
College of Business and Economics, Qassim University,
P.O. BOX 6666, Buraidah: 51452,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: Lama2736@gmail.com
URL: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=OSiSh1AAAAAJ&hl=ar

Abstract:

In this paper, we mainly suggest a new method that depends on the fractional derivative proposed by Katugampola for solving nonlinear fractional partial differential equations. Using this method, we obtained numerous useful and surprising solutions for the space--time fractional nonlinear Whitham--Broer--Kaup equations and space--time fractional generalized nonlinear Hirota--Satsuma coupled KdV equations. The solutions obtained varied between hyperbolic, trigonometric, and rational functions, and we hope those interested in the real-life applications of the previous two equations will find this approach useful.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Inequalities of Gamma Function Appearing in Generalizing Probability Sampling Design

Author(s):

Mohammadkheer M. Al-Jararha And Jehad M. Al-Jararha

Department of Mathematics,
Yarmouk University,
Irbid 21163,
Jordan.
E-mail: mohammad.ja@yu.edu.jo

Department of Statistics,
Yarmouk University,
Irbid 21163,
Jordan.
E-mail: jehad@yu.edu.jo

Abstract:

In this paper, we investigate the complete monotonicity of some functions involving gamma function. Using the monotonic properties of these functions, we derived some inequalities involving gamma and beta functions. Such inequalities can be used to generalize different probability distribution functions. Also, they can be used to generalize some statistical designs, e.g., the probability proportional to the size without replacement design.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Existence and Approximation of Traveling Wavefronts for the Diffusive Mackey-Glass Equation

Author(s):

C. Ramirez-Carrasco and J. Molina-Garay

Facultad de Ciencias Basicas,
Universidad Catolica del Maule, Talca,
Chile
E-mail: carloshrc1989@gmail.com
 molina@imca.edu.pe

Abstract:

In this paper, we consider the diffusive Mackey-Glass model with discrete delay. This equation describes the dynamics of the blood cell production. We investigate the existence of traveling wavefronts solutions connecting the two steady states of the model. We develop an alternative proof of the existence of such solutions and we also demonstrate the existence of traveling wavefronts moving at minimum speed. The proposed approach is based on the use technique of upper-lower solutions. Finally, through an iterative procedure, we show numerical simulations that approximate the traveling wavefronts, thus confirming our theoretical results.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Sharp Inequalities Between Hölder and Stolarsky Means of Two Positive Numbers

Author(s):

M. Bustos Gonzalez and A. I. Stan

The University of Iowa,
Department of Mathematics,
14 MacLean Hall,
Iowa City, Iowa,
USA.
E-mail: margarita-bustosgonzalez@uiowa.edu
 
The Ohio State University at Marion,
Department of Mathematics,
1465 Mount Vernon Avenue,
Marion, Ohio,
USA.
E-mail: stan.7@osu.edu

Abstract:

Given any index of the Stolarsky means, we find the greatest and least indexes of the H\"older means, such that for any two positive numbers, the Stolarsky mean with the given index is bounded from below and above by the Hölder means with those indexes, of the two positive numbers. Finally, we present a geometric application of this inequality involving the Fermat-Torricelli point of a triangle.


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