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14: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Integer Sums of Powers of Trigonometric Functions (MOD p), for prime p

Author(s):

G. J. Tee

Department of Mathematics, University of Auckland, Auckland,
New Zealand
tee@math.auckland.ac.nz

Abstract:

Many multi--parameter families of congruences (mod p) are found for integer sums of  qth powers of the trigonometric functions over various sets of equidistant arguments, where p is any prime factor of q. Those congruences provide sensitive tests for the accuracy of software for evaluating trigonometric functions to high precision.



13: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Positive Solutions of Evolution Operator Equations

Author(s):

Radu Precup

Department of Applied Mathematics,
Babes-Bolyai University,
Cluj, Romania

Abstract:

Existence and localization results are derived from Krasnoselskii’s compressionexpansion fixed point theorem in cones, for operator equations in spaces of continuous functions from a compact real interval to an abstract space. The main idea, first used in [12], is to handle two equivalent operator forms of the equation, one of fixed point type giving the operator to which Krasnoselskii’s theorem applies and an other one of coincidence type which is used to localize a positive solution in a shell. An application is presented for a boundary value problem associated to a fourth order partial differential equation on a rectangular domain.



8: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part II: Analytic Simply Connected Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,

CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,

42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. However, they can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. A compact set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow twenty-two shape diagrams to be built. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these twenty-two shape diagrams. The first part of this study is published in a previous paper 16. It focused on analytic compact convex sets. A set will be called analytic if its boundary is piecewise defined by explicit functions in such a way that the six geometrical functionals can be straightforwardly calculated. The purpose of this paper is to present the second part, by focusing on analytic simply connected compact sets. The third part of the comparative study is published in a following paper 17. It is focused on convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected compact sets.



8: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Optimization Techniques on Affine Differential Manifolds

Author(s):

Ali S Rasheed, Faik Mayah and Ahmed A H AL-Jumaili

Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research,
Iraq.
E-mail: ahmedhashem@gmail.com
 

Department of Physics, College of Sciences,
University of Wasit,
Iraq.
E-mail: faik.mayah@gmail.com
 

Abstract:

In addition to solid ground of Riemannian manifolds fundamentals, this article interviews some popular optimization methods on Riemannian manifolds. Several optimization problems can be better stated on manifolds rather than Euclidean space, such as interior point methods, which in turns based on self-concordant functions (logarithmic barrier functions). Optimization schemes like the steepest descent scheme, the Newton scheme, and others can be extended to Riemannian manifolds. This paper introduces some Riemannian and non-Riemannian schemes on manifolds.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Viability Theory And Differential Lanchester Type Models For Combat.
Differential Systems.

Author(s):

G. Isac and A. Gosselin

Department Of Mathematics, Royal Military College Of Canada,
P.O. Box 17000, S
tn Forces, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7k 7b4

isac-g@rmc.ca
gosselin-a@rmc.ca

URL
:
http://www.rmc.ca/academic/math_cs/isac/index_e.html
URL
:
http://www.rmc.ca/academic/math_cs/gosselin/index_e.html

Abstract:

In 1914, F.W. Lanchester proposed several mathematical models based on differential equations to describe combat situations [34]. Since then, his work has been extensively modified to represent a variety of competitions including entire wars. Differential Lanchester type models have been studied from many angles by many authors in hundreds of papers and reports. Lanchester type models are used in the planning of optimal strategies, supply and tactics. In this paper, we will show how these models can be studied from a viability theory stand point. We will introduce the notion of winning cone and show that it is a viable cone for these models. In the last part of our paper we will use the viability theory of differential equations to study Lanchester type models from the optimal theory point of view.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Some Remarkable Product of Theta-function

Author(s):

M. S. Mahadeva Naika, M. C. Maheshkumar and K. Sushan Bairy

Department of Mathematics,
Bangalore University, Central College Campus,
Bangalore-560 001,
INDIA
msmnaika@rediffmail.com
softmahe@rediffmail.com
ksbairy@gmail.com


Abstract:

On pages 338 and 339 in his first notebook, Ramanujan records eighteen values for a certain product of theta-function. All these have been proved by B. C. Berndt, H. H. Chan and L-C. Zhang [4]. Recently M. S. Mahadeva Naika and B. N. Dharmendra [7, 8] and Mahadeva Naika and M. C. Maheshkumar [9] have obtained general theorems to establish explicit evaluations of Ramanujan's remarkable product of theta-function. Following Ramanujan we define a new function bM,N as defined in (1.5). The main purpose of this paper is to establish some new general theorems for explicit evaluations of product of theta-function.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Topological Aspects of Scalarization in Vector Optimization Problems.

Author(s):

Peter I. Kogut, Rosanna Manzo and Igor V. Nechay

Department of Differential Equations,
Dnipropetrovsk National University, Naukova STR.,
 13, 49010 Dnipropetrovsk,
Ukraine
 
p.kogut@i.ua

Università di Salerno,
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione e Matematica Applicata,
Via Ponte don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (SA),
Italy
 
manzo@diima.unisa.it

Department of Technical Cybernetics,
Dnipropetrovsk Technical University,
Acad. Lazarjan STR., 2, 49010 Dnipropetrovsk,
Ukraine
 
i.nechay@i.ua

Abstract:

In this paper, we study vector optimization problems in partially ordered Banach spaces. We suppose that the objective mapping possesses a weakened property of lower semicontinuity and make no assumptions on the interior of the ordering cone. We derive sufficient conditions for existence of efficient solutions of the above problems and discuss the role of topological properties of the objective space. We discuss the scalarization of vector optimization problems when the objective functions are vector-valued mappings with a weakened property of lower semicontinuity. We also prove the existence of the so-called generalized efficient solutions via the scalarization process. All principal notions and assertions are illustrated by numerous examples.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On an Autocorrection Phenomenon of the Eckhoff Interpolation

Author(s):

A. Poghosyan  

Institute of Mathematics, National Academy of Sciences,
24b Marshal Baghramian ave., Yerevan 0019,
Republic of Armenia
arnak@instmath.sci.am
 

Abstract:

The paper considers the Krylov-Lanczos and the Eckhoff interpolations of a function with a discontinuity at a known point. These interpolations are based on certain corrections associated with jumps in the first derivatives. In the Eckhoff interpolation, approximation of the exact jumps is accomplished by the solution of a system of linear equations. We show that in the regions where the 2-periodic extension of the interpolated function is smooth, the Eckhoff interpolation converges faster compared with the Krylov-Lanczos interpolation. This accelerated convergence is known as the autocorrection phenomenon. The paper presents a theoretical explanation of this phenomenon. Numerical experiments confirm theoretical estimates.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Existence of Non-spurious Solutions to Discrete Boundary Value Problems

Author(s):

Irena Rachunkova and Christopher C. Tisdell

Department of Mathematics
Palacky University
771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
rachunko@risc.upol.cz
URL: http://phoenix.inf.upol.cz/~rachunekl/mathair/matha-en.htm

School of Mathematics
The University of New South Wales
Sydney 2052, Australia.
cct@unsw.edu.au
URL: http://www.maths.unsw.edu.au/~cct


Abstract:

This paper investigates discrete boundary value problems (BVPs) involving second-order difference equations and two-point boundary conditions. General theorems guaranteeing the existence and uniqueness of solutions to the discrete BVP are established. The methods involve a sufficient growth condition to yield an a priori bound on solutions to a certain family of discrete BVPs. The em a priori bounds on solutions to the discrete BVP do not depend on the step-size and thus there are no ``spurious'' solutions. It is shown that solutions of the discrete BVP will converge to solutions of ordinary differential equations.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

The Iterated Variational Method for the Eigenelements of a Class of Two-Point Boundary Value Problems

Author(s):

Muhammed I. Syam and Qasem M. Al-Mdallal

Department of Mathematical Sciences, College of Science, UAE University,
P. O. Box 17551, Al-Ain,
United Arab Emirates
Q.Almdallal@uaeu.ac.ae
M.Syam@uaeu.ac.ae


Abstract:

The iterated variational method is considered in the approximation of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions for a class of two point boundary value problems. The implementation of this method is easy and competes well with other methods. Numerical examples are presented to show the efficiency of the method proposed. Comparison with the work of others is also illustrated.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Construction of Lyapunov Functionals In Functional Differential Equations With Applications To Exponential Stability In Volterra Integro-differential Equations

Author(s):

Youssef N. Raffoul

Department of Mathematics, University of Dayton,
Dayton OH 45469-2316,
USA
youssef.raffoul@notes.udayton.edu
URL:http://academic.udayton.edu/YoussefRaffoul


Abstract:

Non-negative definite Lyapunov functionals are employed to obtain sufficient conditions that guarantee the exponential asymptotic stability and uniform exponential asymptotic stability of the zero solution of nonlinear functional differential systems. The theory is applied to Volterra integro-differential equations in the form of proposition examples.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Oscillation of Second-Order Delay Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

Author(s):

S. H. Saker

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science,
Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516,
Egypt.
shsaker@mans.edu.eg


Abstract:

Some new oscillation criteria for second-order linear delay dynamic equation on a time scale T are established. Our results improve the recent results for delay dynamic equations and in the special case when T=R, the results include the oscillation results established by Hille [1948, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 64 (1948), 234-252] and Erbe [Canad. Math. Bull. 16 (1973), 49-56.] for differential equations. When T=Z the results include and improve some oscillation criteria for difference equations. When T=hZ, h>0, T=qN and T=N2, i.e., for generalized second order delay difference equations our results are essentially new and can be applied on different types of time scales. An example is considered to illustrate the main results.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Oscillation and Boundedness of Solutions to First and Second Order Forced Dynamic Equations with Mixed Nonlinearities

Author(s):

Ravi P. Agarwal and Martin Bohner

Department of Mathematical Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology
Melbourne, FL 32901,
U.S.A.
bohner@mst.edu
URL:http://web.mst.edu/~bohner

Department of Economics and Finance, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Rolla, MO 65401,
U.S.A.
agarwal@fit.edu


Abstract:

Some oscillation and boundedness criteria for solutions to certain first and second order forced dynamic equations with mixed nonlinearities are established. The main tool in the proofs is an inequality due to Hardy, Littlewood and Pólya. The obtained results can be applied to differential equations, difference equations and q-difference equations. The results are illustrated with numerous examples.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part I: Analytic Convex Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,

CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,

42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. Such a set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow thirty-one shape diagrams to be built. Most of these shape diagrams can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these thirty-one shape diagrams. The purpose of this paper is to present the first part of this study, by focusing on analytic compact convex sets. A set will be called analytic if its boundary is piecewise defined by explicit functions in such a way that the six geometrical functionals can be straightforwardly calculated. The second and third part of the comparative study are published in two following papers [19.20]. They are focused on analytic simply connected sets and convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected sets, respectively.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Bounds on the Jensen Gap, and Implications for Mean-Concentrated Distributions

Author(s):

Xiang Gao, Meera Sitharam, Adrian E. Roitberg

Department of Chemistry, and Department of Computer & Information Science & Engineering,
University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL 32611,
USA.
E-mail: qasdfgtyuiop@gmail.com
URL: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=t2nOdxQAAAAJ

Abstract:

This paper gives upper and lower bounds on the gap in Jensen's inequality, i.e., the difference between the expected value of a function of a random variable and the value of the function at the expected value of the random variable. The bounds depend only on growth properties of the function and specific moments of the random variable. The bounds are particularly useful for distributions that are concentrated around the mean, a commonly occurring scenario such as the average of i.i.d. samples and in statistical mechanics.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

An Algorithm to Compute Gaussian-Type Quadrature Formulae
that Integrate Polynomials and Some Spline Functions Exactly

Author(s):

Allal Guessab

Laboratoire de Mathématiques Appliquées,
Université de Pau, 64000, Pau,
France.
allal.guessab@univ-pau.fr
URL: http://www.univ-pau.fr/~aguessab/

Abstract:

It is well-known that for sufficiently smooth integrands on an interval, numerical integration can be performed stably and efficiently via the classical (polynomial) Gauss quadrature formulae. However, for many other sets of integrands these quadrature formulae do not perform well. A very natural way of avoiding this problem is to include a wide class among arbitrary functions (not necessary polynomials) to be integrated exactly. The spline functions are natural candidates for such problems. In this paper, after studying Gaussian type quadrature formulae which are exact for spline functions and which contain boundary terms involving derivatives at both end points, we present a fast algorithm for computing their nodes and weights. It is also shown, taking advantage of the close connection with ordinary Gauss quadrature formula, that the latter are computed, via eigenvalues and eigenvectors of real symmetric tridiagonal matrices. Hence a new class of quadrature formulae can then be computed directly by standard software for ordinary Gauss quadrature formula. Comparative results with classical Gauss quadrature formulae are given to illustrate the numerical performance of the approach.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Analysis of the Flow Field in Stenosed Bifurcated Arteries Through a Mathematical Model

Author(s):

S. Chakravarty and S. Sen

Department of Mathematics, Visva-Bharati University,
Santiniketan 731235,
India
santabrata2004@yahoo.co.in


Abstract:

The present study is dealt with an appropriate mathematical model of the arotic bifurcation in the presence of constrictions using which the physiological flow field is analized. The geometry of the bifurcated arterial segment having constrictions in both the parent and its daughter arterial lumen frequently occurring in the diseased arteries causing malfunction of the cardiovascular system , is formed mathematically with the introduction of appropriate curvatures at the lateral junctions and the flow divider. The flowing blood contained in the stenosed bifurcated artery is treated to be Newtonian and the flow is considered to be two dimensional. The motion of the arterial wall and its effect on local fluid mechanics is not ruled out from the present pursuit. The flow analysis applies the time-dependent, two-dimensional incompressible nonlinear Navier-Stokes equations for Newtonian fluid. The flow field can be obtained primarily following the radial coordinate transformation and using the appropriate boundary conditions and finally adopting a suitable finite difference scheme numerically. The influences of the arterial wall distensibility and the presence of stenosis on the flow field, the flow rate and the wall shear stresses are quantified in order to indicate the susceptibility to atherosclerotic lesions and thereby to validate the applicability of the present theoretical model.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Existence of Bounded Solutions for a Class of Strongly Nonlinear Elliptic Equations in Orlicz-Sobolev Spaces

Author(s):

Abdelmoujib Benkirane and Ahmed Youssfi

Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahraz
University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah
PB 1796 Fez-Atlas, Fez
Morocco
a.benkirane@menara.ma
ahmed.youssfi@caramail.com


Abstract:

We prove, in the setting of Orlicz-Sobolev spaces, the existence of bounded solutions for some strongly nonlinear elliptic equations with operator of the principal part having degenerate coercivity and lower order terms not satisfying the sign condition. The data have a suitable summability and no Δ2-condition is needed for the considered N-functions.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some Properties of the Solution of a Second Order Elliptic Abstract Differential Equation

Author(s):

A. Aibeche and K. Laidoune

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Sciences, University Ferhat Abbas, Setif,
Route de Scipion, 19000, Setif,
Algeria
aibeche@univ-setif.dz

Abstract:

In this paper we study a class of non regular boundary value problems for elliptic differential-operator equation of second order with an operator in boundary conditions. We give conditions which guarantee the coerciveness of the solution of the considered problem, the completeness of system of root vectors in Banach-valued functions spaces and we establish the Abel basis property of this system in Hilbert spaces. Finally, we apply this abstract results to a partial differential equation in cylindrical domain.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Method for Solving Systems of Nonlinear Equations

Author(s):

J. Shokri

Department of Mathematics, Urmia University,
P. O. Box 165, Urmia,
Iran
j.shokri@urmia.ac.ir

Abstract:

In this paper, we suggest and analyze a new two-step iterative method for solving nonlinear equation systems using the combination of midpoint quadrature rule and Trapezoidal quadrature rule. We prove that this method has quadratic convergence. Several examples are given to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed method.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Purely Unrectifiable Sets with Large Projections

Author(s):

Harold R. Parks

Department of Mathematics, Oregon State University,
Corvallis, Oregon 97331--4605,
USA
parks@math.oregonstate.edu
URL
: http://www.math.oregonstate.edu/people/view/parks/

Abstract:

For n2, we give a construction of a compact subset of that is dispersed enough that it is purely unrectifiable, but that nonetheless has an orthogonal projection that hits every point of an (n-1)-dimensional unit cube. Moreover, this subset has the additional surprising property that the orthogonal projection onto any straight line in is a set of positive 1-dimensional Hausdorff measure.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Study of the Effect of Density Dependence in a Matrix Population Model

Author(s):

N. Carter and M. Predescu

Department of Mathematical Sciences,
Bentley University,
Waltham, MA 02452,
U.S.A.
ncarter@bentley.edu
 mpredescu@bentley.edu

Abstract:

We study the behavior of solutions of a three dimensional discrete time nonlinear matrix population model. We prove results concerning the existence of equilibrium points, boundedness, permanence of solutions, and global stability in special cases of interest. Moreover, numerical simulations are used to compare the dynamics of two main forms of the density dependence function (rational and exponential).



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Generalized Efficient Solutions to One Class of Vector Optimization Problems in Banach Space

Author(s):

Peter I. Kogut, Rosanna Manzo, and Igor V. Nechay

Department of Differential Equations,
Dnipropetrovsk National University,
Naukova str., 13, 49050 Dnipropetrovsk,
Ukraine
 p.kogut@i.ua

 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Dell’informazione e Matematica Applicata,
Università di Salerno,
Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano (Sa),
Italy
manzo@diima.unisa.it


 Department of Technical Cybernetics,
Dnipropetrovsk Technical University,
Acad. Lazarjan str., 2, 49010
Dnipro
petrovsk,
Ukraine
 i.nechay@i.ua

Abstract:

In this paper, we study vector optimization problems in Banach spaces for essentially nonlinear operator equations with additional control and state constraints. We assume that an objective mapping possesses a weakened property of lower semicontinuity and make no assumptions on the interior of the ordering cone. Using the penalization approach we derive both sufficient and necessary conditions for the existence of efficient solutions of the above problems. We also prove the existence of the so-called generalized efficient solutions via the scalarization of some penalized vector optimization problem.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part III: Convexity Discrimination for Analytic and Discretized Simply Connected Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,
CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,
42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. However, they can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. A compact set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow twenty-two shape diagrams to be built. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these twenty-two shape diagrams. The two first parts of this study are published in previous papers 8,9. They focus on analytic compact convex sets and analytic simply connected compact sets, respectively. The purpose of this paper is to present the third part, by focusing on the convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected compact sets..



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Common Fixed Point Results for Banach Operator Pairs and Applications to Best Approximation

Author(s):

Hemant Kumar Nashine

Department of Mathematics,
Disha Institute of Management and Technology,
Satya Vihar, Vidhansabha - Chandrakhuri Marg (Baloda Bazar Road), Mandir Hasaud,
Raipur - 492101(Chhattisgarh), India.

hemantnashine@rediffmail.com
nashine_09@rediffmail.com
 

Abstract:

The common fixed point results for Banach operator pair with generalized nonexpansive mappings in q-normed space have been obtained in the present work. As application, some more general best approximation results have also been determined without the assumption of linearity or affinity of mappings. These results unify and generalize various existing known results with the aid of more general class of noncommuting mappings.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A One-Line Derivation of the Euler and Ostrogradski Equations

Author(s):

Olivier de La Grandville

Stanford University,
Department of Management Science and Engineering,
Stanford, CA 94305,
U. S. A

ola@stanford.edu

Abstract:

At the very heart of major results of classical physics, the Euler and Ostrogradski equations have apparently no intuitive interpretation. In this paper we show that this is not so. Relying on Euler's initial geometric approach, we show that they can be obtained through a direct reasoning that does not imply any calculation. The intuitive approach we suggest offers two benefits: it gives immediate significance to these fundamental second-order non-linear differential equations; and second, it allows to obtain a property of the calculus of variations that does not seem to have been uncovered until now: the Euler and Ostrogradski equations can be derived not necessarily by giving a variation to the optimal function -- as is always done; one could equally well start by giving a variation to their derivative(s).



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On the Sendov Conjecture for a Root Close to the Unit Circle

Author(s):

Indraneel G. Kasmalkar

Department of Mathematics,
University of California,
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States of America

E-mail: indraneelk@berkeley.edu 

Abstract:

On Sendov's conjecture, T. Chijiwa quantifies the idea stated by V. Vâjâitu and A. Zaharescu (and M. J. Miller independently), namely that if a polynomial with all roots inside the closed unit disk has a root sufficiently close to the unit circle then there is a critical point at a distance of at most one from that root. Chijiwa provides an estimate of exponential order for the required 'closeness' of the root to the unit circle so that such a critical point may exist. In this paper, we will improve this estimate to polynomial order by making major modifications and strengthening inequalities in Chijiwa's proof.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Note on Divergent Fourier Series and λ-Permutations

Author(s):

A. Castillo, J. Chavez and H. Kim

Tufts University,
Department of Mathematics,
Medford, MA 02155,
USA
E-mail: angel.castillo@tufts.edu

Texas Tech University,
Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
Lubbock, TX 79409,
USA
E-mail: josechavez5@my.unt.edu

University of Michigan-Dearborn,
Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
Dearborn, MI 48128,
USA.
E-mail: khyejin@umich.edu

Abstract:

We present a continuous function on [-π,π] whose Fourier series diverges and it cannot be rearranged to converge by a λ-permutation.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some New Inequalities of Hermite-Hadamard and Fejér Type for Certain Functions with Higher Convexity

Author(s):

Steven G. From

Department of Mathematics,
University of Nebraska at Omaha,
Omaha, Nebraska 68182-0243,
U.S.A.
E-mail: sfrom@unomaha.edu

Abstract:

In this paper, we present some new inequalities of Hermite-Hadamard or Fejér type for certain functions satisfying some higher convexity conditions on one or more derivatives.
An open problem is given also.
Some applications to the logarithmic mean are given.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Low Order Least-Squares Nonconforming Finite Element Method for Steady Magnetohydrodynamic Equations

Author(s):

Z. Yu, D. Shi and H. Zhu

College of Science,
Zhongyuan University of Technology,
Zhengzhou 450007,
China.
E-mail: 5772@zut.edu.cn

School of Mathematics and Statistics,
Zhengzhou University,
Zhengzhou 450001,
China.
E-mail: shi_dy@126.com

Mathematics Department,
University of Southern Mississippi,
Hattiesburg MS, 39406,
U.S.A
E-mail: huiqing.zhu@usm.edu

Abstract:

A low order least-squares nonconforming finite element (NFE) method is proposed for magnetohydrodynamic equations with EQ1rot element and zero-order Raviart-Thomas element. Based on the above element's typical interpolations properties, the existence and uniqueness of the approximate solutions are proved and the optimal order error estimates for the corresponding variables are derived.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A new approach to the study of fixed point for simulation functions with application in G-metric spaces

Author(s):

Komi Afassinou and Ojen Kumar Narain

Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Zululand,
KwaDlangezwa,
South Africa.
E-mail: komia@aims.ac.za

School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa.
E-mail: naraino@ukzn.ac.za

Abstract:

The purpose of this work is to generalize the fixed point results of Kumar et al. [11] by introducing the concept of (α,β)-Z-contraction mapping, Suzuki generalized (α,β)-Z-contraction mapping, (α,β)-admissible mapping and triangular (α,β)-admissible mapping in the frame work of G-metric spaces. Fixed point theorems for these class of mappings are established in the frame work of a complete G-metric spaces and we establish a generalization of the fixed point result of Kumar et al. [11] and a host of others in the literature. Finally, we apply our fixed point result to solve an integral equation.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Optimal Control Analysis of HIV/AIDS Epidemic Model with an Antiretroviral Treatment

Author(s):

U. Habibah and R. A. Sari

Mathematics Department and Reseach Group of Biomathematics,
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science,
Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145,
Indonesia.
E-mail: ummu_habibah@ub.ac.id
 

Abstract:

A mathematical model of HIV/AIDS is governed by a system of ordinary differential equations in the presence of an antiretroviral treatment (ARV). The theory of optimal control is applied to an epidemic model of HIV/AIDS which an ARV is used as a control strategy in order to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. The optimality system is derived by applying the Pontryagin's Minimum Principle. We analyze the boundedness and positivity of solutions, and an existence of the optimal control. Numerical simulations are conducted to obtain numerical solution of the optimally system.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Admissible Mapping via Simulation Function

Author(s):

Anantachai Padcharoen and Pakeeta Sukprasert

Department of Mathematics,
Faculty of Science and Technology,
Rambhai Barni Rajabhat University,
Chanthaburi 22000,
Thailand.
E-mail: anantachai.p@rbru.ac.th
 
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
Faculty of Science and Technology
Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi (RMUTT),
Thanyaburi, Pathumthani 12110,
Thailand.
E-mail: pakeeta_s@rmutt.ac.th

Abstract:

In this paper, we present some fixed point results in complete metric spaces by using generalized admissible mapping embedded in the simulation function. Its applications, Our results used to study the existence problem of nonlinear Hammerstein integral equations.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Existence of Solution of Differential and Riemann-Liouville Equation Via Fixed Point Approach in Complex Valued b-Metric Spaces

Author(s):

K. Afassinou, A. A. Mebawondu, H. A. Abass and O. K. Narain

Department of Science Access,
University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa,
South Africa.
E-mail: komia@aims.ac.za

DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Mathematical and Statistical Sciences (CoE-MaSS),
Johannesburg,
South Africa.
E-mail: dele@aims.ac.za

DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Mathematical and Statistical Sciences (CoE-MaSS),
Johannesburg,
South Africa.
E-mail: hammedabass548@gmail.com

School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa.
E-mail: naraino@ukzn.ac.za

Abstract:

In this paper, we establish some fixed point and common fixed point results for a new type of generalized contractive mapping using the notion of C-class function in the framework of complex valued b-metric spaces. As an application, we establish the existence and uniqueness of a solution for Riemann-Liouville integral and ordinary differential equation in the framework of a complete complex valued b-metric spaces. The obtained results generalize and improve some fixed point results in the literature.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Nonlinear System of Mixed Ordered Variational Inclusions Involving XOR Operation

Author(s):

Iqbal Ahmad, Abdullah and Syed Shakaib Irfan

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
College of Engineering, Qassim University
Buraidah 51452, Al-Qassim,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: iqbal@qec.edu.sa, i.ahmad@qu.edu.sa

Zakir Husain Delhi College,
University of Delhi,
JLN Marg, New Delhi- 110 002,
India.
E-mail: abdullahdu@qec.edu.sa

Department of Mathematics,
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh,
India.
E-mail: shakaibirfan@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this work, we introduce and solve an NSMOVI frameworks system involving XOR operation with the help of a proposed iterative algorithm in real ordered positive Hilbert spaces. We discuss the existence of a solution of a considered system of inclusions involving XOR operation by applying the resolvent operator technique with XOR operation and also study the strong convergence of the sequences generated by the considered algorithm. Further, we give a numerical example in support of our considered problem which gives the grantee that all the proposed conditions of our main result are fulfilled.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Orthogonal Collocation on Finite Elements Using Quintic Hermite Basis

Author(s):

P. Singh, N. Parumasur and C. Bansilal

University of KwaZulu-Natal,
School of Mathematics Statistics and Computer Sciences,
Private Bag X54001,
Durban, 4000,
South Africa.
E-mail: singhprook@gmail.com
parumasurn1@ukzn.ac.za
christelle18@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this paper we consider the orthogonal collocation on finite elements (OCFE) method using quintic Hermite (second degree smooth) basis functions and use it to solve partial differential equations (PDEs). The method is particularly tailored to solve third order BVPS and PDEs and to handle their special solutions such as travelling waves and solitons, which typically is the case in the KdV equation. The use of quintic polynomials and collocation using Gauss points yields a stable high order superconvergent method. OCFE using quintic Hermite basis is optimal since it is computationally more efficient than collocation methods using (first degree smooth) piecewise-polynomials and more accurate than the (third degree smooth) B-splines basis. Various computational simulations are presented to demonstrate the computational efficiency and versatility of the OCFE method.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Pseudomonotonicity and Quasimonotonicity by Translations versus Monotonicity in Hilbert Spaces

Author(s):

George Isac and Dumitru Motreanu

Department of Mathematics, Royal Military College of Canada, P.O. Box 17000 Stn Forces
Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7k 7b4.
gisac@juno.com

Département de Mathématiques, Université de Perpignan, 66860 Perpignan, France.
motreanu@univ-perp.fr

Abstract:

Let  be a Gâteaux differentiable mapping on an open convex subset  of a Hilbert space. If there exists a straight line  such that  is pseudomonotone for any  then  is monotone. Related results using a regularity condition are given.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

New Coincidence and Fixed Point Theorems for Strictly Contractive Hybrid Maps

Author(s):

S. L. Singh and Amal M. Hashim

21, Govind Nagar, Rishikesh 249201,
Ua, India
vedicmri@sancharnet.in

Dept. of Math., College of Science,
Univ. of Basarah,
Iraq.
 

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to study the (EA)-property and noncompatible maps of a hybrid pair of single-valued and multivalued maps in fixed point considerations. Such maps have the remarkable property that they need not be continuous at their common fixed points. We use this property to obtain some coincidence and fixed point theorems for strictly contractive hybrid maps without using their continuity and completeness or compactness of the space.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Local and Global Existence and Uniqueness Results for Second and Higher Order Impulsive Functional Differential Equations with Infinite Delay

Author(s):

Johnny Henderson and Abdelghani Ouahab

Department of Mathematics, Baylor University,
Waco, Texas 76798-7328
USA.
Johnny_Henderson@baylor.edu

Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université de Sidi Bel Abbés
BP 89, 22000 Sidi Bel Abbées,
Algérie.
ouahab@univ-sba.dz


Abstract:

In this paper, we discuss the local and global existence and uniqueness results for second and higher order impulsive functional differential equations with infinite delay. We shall rely on a nonlinear alternative of Leray-Schauder. For the global existence and uniqueness we apply a recent Frigon and Granas nonlinear alternative of Leray-Schauder type in Fréchet spaces.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Nonlinear Proximal Alternating Directions Method for Structured Variational Inequalities

Author(s):

M. Li

Department of Management Science and Engineering, School of Economics and Management
Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096,
China.
liminnju@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper, we present a nonlinear proximal alternating directions method (NPADM) for solving a class of structured variational inequalities (SVI). By choosing suitable Bregman functions, we generalize the proximal alternating directions method proposed by He, et al.. The convergence of the method is proved under quite mild assumptions and flexible parameter conditions.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

An Approximation of Jordan Decomposable Functions for a Lipschitz Function

Author(s):

Ibraheem Alolyan

Mathematics Department,
College of Science, King Saud University
P.O.Box: 2455, Riyadh 11451,
Saudi Arabia
ialolyan05@yahoo.com


Abstract:

The well known Jordan decomposition theorem gives the useful characterization that any function of bounded variation can be written as the difference of two increasing functions. Functions which can be expressed in this way can be used to formulate an exclusion test for the recent Cellular Exclusion Algorithms for numerically computing all zero points or the global minima of functions in a given cellular domain [2,8,9]. In this paper we give an algorithm to approximate such increasing functions when only the values of the function of bounded variation can be computed. For this purpose, we are led to introduce the idea of ε-increasing functions. It is shown that for any Lipschitz continuous function, we can find two ε-increasing functions such that the Lipschitz function can be written as the difference of these functions.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

The Invariant Subspace Problem for Linear Relations on Hilbert Spaces

Author(s):

Daniel Grixti-Cheng

Department of Mathematics and Statistics,
The University of Melbourne,
Melbourne, VIC, 3010
Australia.
D.Grixti@ms.unimelb.edu.au


Abstract:

We consider the invariant subspace problem for linear relations on Hilbert spaces with the aim of promoting interest in the problem as viewed from the theory of linear relations. We present an equivalence between the single valued and multivalued invariant subspace problems and give some new theorems pertaining to the invariant subspace problem for linear relations on a Hilbert space.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Equilibria and Periodic Solutions of Projected Dynamical Systems on Sets with Corners

Author(s):

Matthew D. Johnston and Monica-Gabriela Cojocaru

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo,
Ontario, Canada
mdjohnst@math.uwaterloo.ca

Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Guelph,
Ontario, Canada
mcojocar@uoguelph.ca


Abstract:

Projected dynamical systems theory represents a bridge between the static worlds of variational inequalities and equilibrium problems, and the dynamic world of ordinary differential equations. A projected dynamical system (PDS) is given by the flow of a projected differential equation, an ordinary differential equation whose trajectories are restricted to a constraint set K. Projected differential equations are defined by discontinuous vector fields and so standard differential equations theory cannot apply. The formal study of PDS began in the 90's, although some results existed in the literature since the 70's. In this paper we present a novel result regarding existence of equilibria and periodic cycles of a finite dimensional PDS on constraint sets K, whose points satisfy a corner condition. The novelty is due to proving existence of boundary equilibria without using a variational inequality approach or monotonicity type conditions.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Regular Variation on Time Scales and Dynamic Equations

Author(s):

Pavel Řehák

Institute of Mathematics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Žižkova 22, CZ61662 Brno,
Czech Republic
rehak@math.muni.cz
URL:http://www.math.muni.cz/~rehak


Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we want to initiate a study of regular variation on time scales by introducing this concept in such a way that it unifies and extends well studied continuous and discrete cases. Some basic properties of regularly varying functions on time scales will be established as well. Second, we give conditions under which certain solutions of linear second order dynamic equations are regularly varying. Open problems and possible directions for a future research are discussed, too.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Contact With Adhesion between a Deformable Body and a Foundation

Author(s):

B. Teniou and M. Sofonea

Laboratoire de Mathematiques Appliquées et Modélisation,
Université Mentouri, Constantine 25000,
Algeria
tenioubou2@yahoo.fr

Laboratoire de Mathématiques et Physiques pour les Systémes,
Univesité de Perpignan,
France.
sofonea@univ-perp.fr
 

Abstract:

The aim of this work is study a dynamic contact problem between a deformable body and a foundation where the deformations are supposed to be small. The contact is with adhesion and normal compliance. The behavior of this body is modeled by a nonlinear elastic-visco-plastic law. The evolution of bonding field is described by a nonlinear differential equation. We derive a variational formulation of the contact problem and we prove the existence and uniqueness of its solution. The proof is based on the construction of three intermediate problems and then we construct a contraction mapping whose unique fixed point will be the weak solution of the mechanical problem.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Hyperbolic Barycentric Coordinates

Author(s):

Abraham A. Ungar

Department of Mathematics, North Dakota State University,
Fargo, ND 58105,
USA
Abraham.Ungar@ndsu.edu
URL
: http://math.ndsu.nodak.edu/faculty/ungar/

Abstract:

A powerful and novel way to study Einstein's special theory of relativity and its underlying geometry, the hyperbolic geometry of Bolyai and Lobachevsky, by analogies with classical mechanics and its underlying Euclidean geometry is demonstrated. The demonstration sets the stage for the extension of the notion of barycentric coordinates in Euclidean geometry, first conceived by Möbius in 1827, into hyperbolic geometry. As an example for the application of hyperbolic barycentric coordinates, the hyperbolic midpoint of any hyperbolic segment, and the centroid and orthocenter of any hyperbolic triangle are determined.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

An Improved Mesh Independence Principle for Solving Equations and their Discretizations using Newton's Method

Author(s):

Ioannis K. Argyros

Cameron university,
Department of Mathematics Sciences,
Lawton, OK 73505,
USA
iargyros@cameron.edu
 

Abstract:

We improve the mesh independence principle [1] which states that when Newton's method is applied to an equation on a Banach space as well as to their finite--dimensional discretization there is a difference of at most one between the number of steps required by the two processes to converge to within a given error tolerance. Here using a combination of Lipschitz and center Lipschitz continuity assumptions instead of just Lipschitz conditions we show that the minimum number of steps required can be at least as small as in earlier works. Some numerical examples are provided whereas our results compare favorably with earlier ones.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Generalization of a Trace Inequality for Positive Definite Matrices

Author(s):

E. V. Belmega, M. Jungers, and S. Lasaulce

Université Paris-Sud Xi, SUPELEC,
Laboratoire Des Signaux Et Systèmes,
Gif-Sur-Yvette,
France.

belmega@lss.supelec.fr
http://veronica.belmega.lss.supelec.fr

CNRS, ENSEM, CRAN, Vandoeuvre,
France.

marc.jungers@cran.uhp-nancy.fr
http://perso.ensem.inpl-nancy.fr/Marc.Jungers/

CNRS, SUPELEC, Laboratoire des Signaux et Systèmes,
Gif-Sur-Yvette,
France.

lasaulce@lss.supelec.fr
http://samson.lasaulce.lss.supelec.fr

Abstract:

In this note, we provide a generalization of the trace inequality derived in [Belmega].

More precisely, we prove that for arbitrary K ≥ 1 where Tr(∙) denotes the matrix trace operator, A1, B1 are any positive definite matrices and Ak, Bk for all k∈{2,...,k}, are any positive semidefinite matrices.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Note On The Global Behavior Of A Nonlinear System of Difference Equations

Author(s):

Norman H. Josephy, Mihaela Predescu and Samuel W. Woolford

Department of Mathematical Sciences,
Bentley University,
Waltham, MA 02452,
U.S.A.

mpredescu@bentley.edu
njosephy@bentley.edu
swoolford@bentley.edu


 

Abstract:

This paper deals with the global asymptotic stability character of solutions of a discrete time deterministic model proposed by Wikan and Eide in Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 66, 2004, 1685-1704. A stochastic extension of this model is proposed and discussed. Computer simulations suggest that the dynamics of the stochastic model includes a mixture of the dynamics observed in the deterministic model.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A-Normal Operators In Semi Hilbertian Spaces

Author(s):

A. Saddi

Department of Mathematics,
College of Education for Girls in Sarat Ebeidah 61914, Abha,
King Khalid University
Saudi Arabia
adel.saddi@fsg.rnu.tn
 

Abstract:

In this paper we study some properties and inequalities of A-normal operators in semi-Hilbertian spaces by employing some known results for vectors in inner product spaces. We generalize also most of the inequalities of (α,β)-normal operators discussed in Hilbert spaces [7].



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Numerical Solution of A System of Singularly Perturbed Convection-Diffusion Boundary-Value Problems Using Mesh Equidistribution Technique

Author(s):

Pratibhamoy Das and Srinivasan Natesan

Department of Mathematics,
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati,
Guwahati - 781 039,
India.

pratibhamoy@gmail.com
natesan@iitg.ernet.in
URL: http://www.iitg.ernet.in/natesan/

Abstract:

In this article, we consider a system of singularly perturbed weakly coupled convection-diffusion equations having diffusion parameters of different magnitudes. These small parameters give rise to boundary layers. An upwind finite difference scheme on adaptively generated mesh is used to obtain a suitable monitor function that gives first-order convergence which is robust with respect to the diffusion parameters. We present the results of numerical experiments for linear and semilinear system of differential equations to support the effectiveness of our preferred monitor function obtained from theoretical analysis.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Asymptotic Analysis of Positive Decreasing Solutions of a Class of Systems of Second Order Nonlinear Differential Equations in the Framework of Regular Variation

Author(s):

Jaroslav Jaroš, Kusano Takaŝi, Tomoyuki Tanigawa

Department of Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Mathematics,
Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics,
Comenius Universiy, 842 48 Bratislava,
Slovakia.

E-mail: ksntksjm4@gmail.com

Professor Emeritus at: Hiroshima University,
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science,
Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526,
Japan.

E-mail: jaros@fmph.uniba.sk

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education,
Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860-8555,
Japan.

E-mail: tanigawa@educ.kumamoto-u.ac.jp
 

Abstract:

The system of nonlinear differential equations

is under consideration, where αi and βi are positive constants and pi(t) and qi(t) are continuous regularly varying functions on [a,). Two kinds of criteria are established for the existence of strongly decreasing regularly varying solutions with negative indices of (A) with precise asymptotic behavior at infinity. Fixed point techniques and basic theory of regular variation are utilized for this purpose.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

The boundedness of Bessel-Riesz operators on generalized Morrey spaces

Author(s):

Mochammad Idris, Hendra Gunawan and Eridani

Department of Mathematics,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Bandung 40132,
Indonesia.
E-mail: mochidris@students.itb.ac.id

Department of Mathematics,
Bandung Institute of Technology,
Bandung 40132,
Indonesia.
E-mail: hgunawan@math.itb.ac.id
URL: http://personal.fmipa.itb.ac.id/hgunawan/

Department of Mathematics,
Airlangga University,
Surabaya 60115,
Indonesia.
E-mail: eridani.dinadewi@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this paper, we prove the boundedness of Bessel-Riesz operators on generalized Morrey spaces. The proof uses the usual dyadic decomposition, a Hedberg-type inequality for the operators, and the boundedness of Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator. Our results reveal that the norm of the operators is dominated by the norm of the kernels.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Ostrowski Type Fractional Integral Inequalities for Generalized (s,m,φ)-preinvex Functions

Author(s):

Artion Kashuri and Rozana Liko

University of Vlora "Ismail Qemali",
Faculty of Technical Science,
Department of Mathematics, 9400,
Albania.
E-mail: artionkashuri@gmail.com
E-mail: rozanaliko86@gmail.com

Abstract:

In the present paper, the notion of generalized (s,m,φ)-preinvex function is introduced and some new integral inequalities for the left hand side of Gauss-Jacobi type quadrature formula involving generalized (s,m,φ)-preinvex functions along with beta function are given. Moreover, some generalizations of Ostrowski type inequalities for generalized (s,m,φ)-preinvex functions via Riemann-Liouville fractional integrals are established.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Lower and Upper Bounds for the Point-Wise Directional Derivative of the Fenchel Duality Map

Author(s):

M. Raissouli1,2, M. Ramezani3

1Department of Mathematics,
Science Faculty, Taibah University,
P.O. Box 30097, Zip Code 41477, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah,
Saudi Arabia.

2Department of Mathematics,
Science Faculty, Moulay Ismail University, Meknes,
Morocco.
E-mail: raissouli.mustapha@gmail.com
 

3Department of Mathematics,
University of Bojnord, Bojnord,
Iran.
E-mail: m.ramezani@ub.ac.ir

Abstract:

In this paper, we introduce the point-wise directional derivative of the Fenchel duality map and we study its properties. The best lower and upper bounds of this point-wise directional derivative are also given. We explain how our functional results contain those related to the positive bounded linear operators.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

New Implicit Kirk-Type Schemes for General Class of Quasi-Contractive Operators in Generalized Convex Metric Spaces

Author(s):

K. Rauf, O. T. Wahab and A. Ali

Department of Mathematics,
University of Ilorin, Ilorin,
Nigeria.
E-mail: krauf@unilorin.edu.ng

Department of Statistics and Mathematical Sciences,
Kwara State University, Malete,
Nigeria.

Department of Mathematics,
Mirpur University of Science and Technology, Mirpur,
Pakistan.

Abstract:

In this paper, we introduce some new implicit Kirk-type iterative schemes in generalized convex metric spaces in order to approximate fixed points for general class of quasi-contractive type operators. The strong convergence, T-stability, equivalency, data dependence and convergence rate of these results were explored. The iterative schemes are faster and better, in term of speed of convergence, than their corresponding results in the literature. These results also improve and generalize several existing iterative schemes in the literature and they provide analogues of the corresponding results of other spaces, namely: normed spaces, CAT(0) spaces and so on.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Convergence and Stability Results for New Three Step Iteration Process in Modular Spaces

Author(s):

Naresh Kumar and Renu Chugh

Department of Mathematics,
M.D. University,
Rohtak-124001, Haryana,
India.
E-mail: nks280@gmail.com
E-mail: chugh.r1@gmail.com

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to introduce a new iteration process (5) for ρ-contraction mappings in Modular spaces. We obtain some analytical proof for convergence and stability of our iteration process (5). We show that our iteration process (5) gives faster convergence results than the leading AK iteration process (4) for contraction mappings. Moreover, a numerical example (using the Matlab Software) is presented to compare the rate of convergence for existing iteration processes with our new iteration process (5).



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Polynomial Dichotomy of C0-Quasi Semigroups in Banach Spaces

Author(s):

Sutrima1,2, Christiana Rini Indrati2, Lina Aryati2

1Department of Mathematics,
Universitas Sebelas Maret,
PO Box 57126, Surakarta,
Indonesia.
E-mail: sutrima@mipa.uns.ac.id

2Department of Mathematics,
Universitas Gadjah Mada,
PO Box 55281, Yogyakarta,
Indonesia.
E-mail: rinii@ugm.ac.id, lina@ugm.ac.id 

Abstract:

Stability of solutions of the problems is an important aspect for application purposes. Since its introduction by Datko [7], the concept of exponential stability has been developed in various types of stability by various approaches. The existing conditions use evolution operator, evolution semigroup, and quasi semigroup approach for the non-autonomous problems and a semigroup approach for the autonomous cases. However, the polynomial stability based on C0-quasi semigroups has not been discussed in the references. In this paper we propose a new stability for C0-quasi semigroups on Banach spaces i.e the polynomial stability and polynomial dichotomy. As the results, the sufficient and necessary conditions for the polynomial and uniform polynomial stability are established as well as the sufficiency for the polynomial dichotomy. The results are also confirmed by the examples.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Multivalued Version of the Radon-Nikodym Theorem, via the Single-valued Gould Integral

Author(s):

Domenico Candeloro1, Anca Croitoru2, Alina Gavriluţ2, Anna Rita Sambucini1

1Dept. of Mathematics and Computer Sciences,
University of Perugia,
1, Via Vanvitelli -- 06123, Perugia,
Italy.
E-mail:  domenico.candeloro@unipg.it, anna.sambucini@unipg.it

2Faculty of Mathematics,
Al. I. Cuza University,
700506 Iaşi,
Romania.
E-mail: croitoru@uaic.ro, gavrilut@uaic.ro

Abstract:

In this paper we consider a Gould type integral of real functions with respect to a compact and convex valued not necessarily additive measure. In particular we will introduce the concept of integrable multimeasure and, thanks to this notion, we will establish an exact Radon-Nikodym theorem relative to a fuzzy multisubmeasure which is new also in the finite dimensional case. Some results concerning the Gould integral are also obtained.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Kinematic Model for Magnetic Null-points in 2 Dimensions

Author(s):

Ali Khalaf Hussain Al-Hachami

Department of Mathematics,
College of Education For Pure Sciences,
Wasit University,
Iraq.
E-mail: alhachamia@uowasit.edu.iq

Abstract:

The adjacent configurations of two-dimensional magnetic null point centers are analyzed by an immediate examination about the null. The configurations are classified as either potential or non-potential. By then the non-potential cases are subdivided into three cases depending upon whether the component of current is less than, equal to or greater than a threshold current. In addition the essential structure of reconnection in 2D is examined. It unfolds that the manner by which the magnetic flux is rebuilt. In this paper, we center on the ramifications of kinematic arrangements; that is, we fathom just Maxwell's conditions and a resistive Ohm's law.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Extension of Factorization Theorems of Maurey to s-positively Homogeneous Operators

Author(s):

Abdelmoumen Tiaiba

Department of Physics,
University of M'sila,
Algeria.
E-mail: tiaiba05@yahoo.fr

Abstract:

In the present work, we prove that the class of s-positively homogeneous operators is a Banach space. As application, we give the generalization of some Maurey factorization theorems to T which is a s-positively homogeneous operator from X a Banach space into Lp. Where we establish necessary and sufficient conditions to proof that T factors through Lq. After this we give extend result of dual factorization theorem to same class of operators above.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Analysis of a Frictional Contact Problem for Viscoelastic Piezoelectric Materials

Author(s):

Meziane Said Ameur, Tedjani Hadj Ammar and Laid Maiza

Departement of Mathematics,
El Oued University,
P.O. Box 789, 39000 El Oued,
Algeria.
E-mail: said-ameur-meziane@univ-eloued.dz

Departement of Mathematics,
El Oued University,
P.O. Box 789, 39000 El Oued,
Algeria.
E-mail: hadjammar-tedjani@univ-eloued.dz

Department of Mathematics,
Kasdi Merbah University,
30000 Ouargla,
Algeria.
E-mail: maiza.laid@univ-ouargla.dz

 

Abstract:

In this paper, we consider a mathematical model that describes the quasi-static process of contact between two thermo-electro-viscoelastic bodies with damage and adhesion. The damage of the materials caused by elastic deformations. The contact is frictional and modeled with a normal compliance condition involving adhesion effect of contact surfaces. Evolution of the bonding field is described by a first order differential equation. We derive variational formulation for the model and prove an existence and uniqueness result of the weak solution. The proof is based on arguments of evolutionary variational inequalities, parabolic inequalities, differential equations, and fixed point theorem.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Accuracy of Implicit DIMSIMs with Extrapolation

Author(s):

A. J. Kadhim, A. Gorgey, N. Arbin and N. Razali

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science and Mathematics,
Sultan Idris Education University,
35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak,
Malaysia
E-mail: annie_gorgey@fsmt.upsi.edu.my

Unit of Fundamental Engineering Studies,
Faculty of Engineering, Built Environment,
The National University of Malaysia,
43600 Bangi,
Malaysia.

Abstract:

The main aim of this article is to present recent results concerning diagonal implicit multistage integration methods (DIMSIMs) with extrapolation in solving stiff problems. Implicit methods with extrapolation have been proven to be very useful in solving problems with stiff components. There are many articles written on extrapolation of Runge-Kutta methods however fewer articles on extrapolation were written for general linear methods. Passive extrapolation is more stable than active extrapolation as proven in many literature when solving stiff problems by the Runge-Kutta methods. This article takes the first step by investigating the performance of passive extrapolation for DIMSIMs type-2 methods. In the variable stepsize and order codes, order-2 and order-3 DIMSIMs with extrapolation are investigated for Van der Pol and HIRES problems. Comparisons are made with ode23 solver and the numerical experiments showed that implicit DIMSIMs with extrapolation has greater accuracy than the method itself without extrapolation and ode23.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Solving Non-Autonomous Nonlinear Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations Using Multi-Stage Differential Transform Method

Author(s):

K. A. Ahmad, Z. Zainuddin, F. A. Abdullah

School of Mathematical Sciences Universiti Sains Malaysia
11800 USM Penang
Malaysia.
E-mail: abumohmmadkh@hotmail.com
zarita@usm.my
farahaini@usm.my

Abstract:

Differential equations are basic tools to describe a wide variety of phenomena in nature such as, electrostatics, physics, chemistry, economics, etc. In this paper, a technique is developed to solve nonlinear and linear systems of ordinary differential equations based on the standard Differential Transform Method (DTM) and Multi-stage Differential Transform Method (MsDTM). Comparative numerical results that we are obtained by MsDTM and Runge-Kutta method are proposed. The numerical results showed that the MsDTM gives more accurate approximation as compared to the Runge-Kutta numerical method for the solutions of nonlinear and linear systems of ordinary differential equations



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Paper's Title:

The Effect of Harvesting Activities on Prey-Predator Fishery Model with Holling type II in Toxicant Aquatic Ecosystem

Author(s):

Moh Nurul Huda, Fidia Deny Tisna Amijaya, Ika Purnamasari

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science,
Mulawarman University,
Samarinda, East Kalimantan,75123
Indonesia.
E-mail: muh.nurulhuda@fmipa.unmul.ac.id
 fidiadta@fmipa.unmul.ac.id
ika.purnamasari@fmipa.unmul.ac.id

Abstract:

This paper discussed prey-predator fishery models, in particular by analysing the effects of toxic substances on aquatic ecosystems. It is assumed in this model, that the prey population is plankton and the predator population is fish.\ Interaction between the two populations uses the Holling type II function. The existence of local and global critical points of the system are shown and their stability properties are analysed. Furthermore, Bionomic equilibrium and optimal control of harvesting are discussed. Finally, numerical simulations have been carried out to show in the interpretation of results.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some Remarks On Quasinearly Subharmonic Functions

Author(s):

Mansour Kalantar

Universite Toulouse III-Paul Sabatier,
118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse,
France.
E-mail: mansour.kalantar@math.univ-toulouse.fr, mankalantar12@yahoo.com

Abstract:

We prove some basic properties of quasi-nearly subharmonic functions and quasi-nearly subharmonic functions in the narrow sense.


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