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28: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part I: Analytic Convex Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,

CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,

42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. Such a set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow thirty-one shape diagrams to be built. Most of these shape diagrams can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these thirty-one shape diagrams. The purpose of this paper is to present the first part of this study, by focusing on analytic compact convex sets. A set will be called analytic if its boundary is piecewise defined by explicit functions in such a way that the six geometrical functionals can be straightforwardly calculated. The second and third part of the comparative study are published in two following papers [19.20]. They are focused on analytic simply connected sets and convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected sets, respectively.



26: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Reconstruction of Discontinuities of Functions Given Noisy Data

Author(s):

Eric D. Mbakop

67A Beaver Park Rd,
Framingham, MA, 01702,
U. S. A.
ericsteve86@yahoo.fr


Abstract:

Suppose one is given noisy data of a discontinuous piecewise-smooth function along with a bound on its second derivative. The locations of the points of discontinuity of f and their jump sizes are not assumed known, but are instead retrieved stably from the noisy data. The novelty of this paper is a numerical method that allows one to locate some of these points of discontinuity with an accuracy that can be made arbitrarily small.



20: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part II: Analytic Simply Connected Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,

CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,

42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. However, they can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. A compact set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow twenty-two shape diagrams to be built. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these twenty-two shape diagrams. The first part of this study is published in a previous paper 16. It focused on analytic compact convex sets. A set will be called analytic if its boundary is piecewise defined by explicit functions in such a way that the six geometrical functionals can be straightforwardly calculated. The purpose of this paper is to present the second part, by focusing on analytic simply connected compact sets. The third part of the comparative study is published in a following paper 17. It is focused on convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected compact sets.



18: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On the Numerical Solution for Deconvolution Problems with Noise

Author(s):

N. H. Sweilam

Cairo University, Faculty of Science, Mathematics Department,
Giza, Egypt.
n-sweilam@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper three different stable methods for solving numerically deconvolution problems with noise are studied. The methods examined are the variational regularization method, the dynamical systems method, and the iterative regularized processes. Gravity surveying problem with noise is studied as a model problem. The results obtained by these methods are compared to the exact solution for the model problem. It is found that these three methods are highly stable methods and always converge to the solution even for large size models. The relative higher accuracy is obtained by using the iterative regularized processes.



17: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Numerical Studies on Dynamical Systems Method for Solving Ill-posed Problems with Noise

Author(s):

N. H. Sweilam and A. M. Nagy

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science,
Cairo University,
Giza, Egypt.
n_sweilam@yahoo.com

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science,
Benha University,
Benha, Egypt.
abdelhameed_nagy@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper, we apply the dynamical systems method proposed by A. G. RAMM, and the the variational regularization method to obtain numerical solution to some ill-posed problems with noise. The results obtained are compared to exact solutions. It is found that the dynamical systems method is preferable because it is easier to apply, highly stable, robust, and it always converges to the solution even for large size models.



14: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Stable Numerical Differentiation

Author(s):

N. S. Hoang and A. G. Ramm

Mathematics Department, Kansas State University
Manhattan, KS 66506-2602,
U. S. A.
nguyenhs@math.ksu.edu
ramm@math.ksu.edu
URL:http://math.ksu.edu/~ramm

Abstract:

Based on a regularized Volterra equation, two different approaches for numerical differentiation are considered. The first approach consists of solving a regularized Volterra equation while the second approach is based on solving a disretized version of the regularized Volterra equation. Numerical experiments show that these methods are efficient and compete favorably with the variational regularization method for stable calculating the derivatives of noisy functions.



10: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Shape Diagrams for 2D Compact Sets - Part III: Convexity Discrimination for Analytic and Discretized Simply Connected Sets.

Author(s):

S. Rivollier, J. Debayle and J.-C. Pinoli

Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne,
CIS - LPMG, UMR CNRS 5148, 158 cours Fauriel,
42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.


 
rivollier@emse.fr; debayle@emse.fr; pinoli@emse.fr
 

Abstract:

Shape diagrams are representations in the Euclidean plane introduced to study 3-dimensional and 2-dimensional compact convex sets. However, they can also been applied to more general compact sets than compact convex sets. A compact set is represented by a point within a shape diagram whose coordinates are morphometrical functionals defined as normalized ratios of geometrical functionals. Classically, the geometrical functionals are the area, the perimeter, the radii of the inscribed and circumscribed circles, and the minimum and maximum Feret diameters. They allow twenty-two shape diagrams to be built. Starting from these six classical geometrical functionals, a detailed comparative study has been performed in order to analyze the representation relevance and discrimination power of these twenty-two shape diagrams. The two first parts of this study are published in previous papers 8,9. They focus on analytic compact convex sets and analytic simply connected compact sets, respectively. The purpose of this paper is to present the third part, by focusing on the convexity discrimination for analytic and discretized simply connected compact sets..



10: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Optimization Techniques on Affine Differential Manifolds

Author(s):

Ali S Rasheed, Faik Mayah and Ahmed A H AL-Jumaili

Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research,
Iraq.
E-mail: ahmedhashem@gmail.com
 

Department of Physics, College of Sciences,
University of Wasit,
Iraq.
E-mail: faik.mayah@gmail.com
 

Abstract:

In addition to solid ground of Riemannian manifolds fundamentals, this article interviews some popular optimization methods on Riemannian manifolds. Several optimization problems can be better stated on manifolds rather than Euclidean space, such as interior point methods, which in turns based on self-concordant functions (logarithmic barrier functions). Optimization schemes like the steepest descent scheme, the Newton scheme, and others can be extended to Riemannian manifolds. This paper introduces some Riemannian and non-Riemannian schemes on manifolds.



9: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some Open Problems in Analysis

Author(s):

A.G. Ramm

Mathematics Department, Kansas State University,
Manhattan, KS 66506-2602,
USA
ramm@math.ksu.edu
URL
: http://www.math.ksu.edu/~ramm

Abstract:

In this paper some open problems in analysis are formulated. These problems were formulated and discussed by the author at ICMAA6.



7: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Semivectorial Bilevel Optimization on Affine-Finsler-Metric Manifolds

Author(s):

Faik Mayah1, Ali S Rasheed2 and Naseif J. Al- Jawari3

1Department of Physics,
College of Sciences,
University of Wasit,
Iraq.
E-mail: faik.mayah@gmail.com


2Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research,
Iraq.
E-mail: ali.math2018@yahoo.com ahmedhashem@gmail.com

3Dept. of Mathematics,
College of Science,
Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad,
Iraq.
E-mail: nsaif642014@yahoo.com

Abstract:

A Finsler manifold is a differential manifold together with a Finsler metric, in this paper we construct a new class of Finsler metric affine manifolds on bilevel semivectorial with optimization problems. The first steps for this purpose involve the study of bilevel optimization on affine manifolds. The bilevel programming problem can be viewed as a static version of the noncooperative, two-person game which was introduced in the context of unbalanced economic markets. Bilevel optimization is a special kind of optimization where one problem is embedded within another.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Generalizing Polyhedra to Infinite Dimension

Author(s):

Paolo d'Alessandro


Department of Mathematics, Third University of Rome,
Lgo S.L. Murialdo 1, 00146 Rome, Italy.


dalex@mat.uniroma3.it.


URL: http://www.mat.uniroma3.it/users/dalex/dalex.html.

Abstract:

This paper generalizes polyhedra to infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces as countable intersections of closed semispaces. Highlights are the structure theory that shows that a polyhedron is the sum of compact set (in a suitable topology) plus a closed pointed cone plus a closed subspace, giving the internal representation of polyhedra. In the final part the dual range space technique is extended to the solution of infinite dimensional LP problems.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Equivalence of the Nonsmooth Nonlinear Complementarity Problems to Unconstrained Minimization

Author(s):

M. A. Tawhid and J. L. Goffin

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, School of Advanced Technologies and Mathematics,
Thompson Rivers University,
900 McGill Road, PO Box 3010, Kamloops, BC V2C 5N3
Canada
Alexandria University and Egypt Japan University of Science and Technology,
Alexandria-Egypt
mtawhid@tru.ca  

Faculty of Management, McGill University,
1001 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1G5
Canada.
Jean-Louis.Goffin@McGill.ca 
 

Abstract:

This paper deals with nonsmooth nonlinear complementarity problem, where the underlying functions are nonsmooth which admit the H-differentiability but not necessarily locally Lipschitzian or directionally differentiable. We consider a reformulation of the nonlinear complementarity problem as an unconstrained minimization problem. We describe H-differentials of the associated penalized Fischer-Burmeister and Kanzow and Kleinmichel merit functions. We show how, under appropriate P0, semimonotone (E0), P, positive definite, and strictly semimonotone (E) -conditions on an H-differential of f, finding local/global minimum of a merit function (or a `stationary point' of a merit function) leads to a solution of the given nonlinear complementarity problem. Our results not only give new results but also unify/extend various similar results proved for C1.



6: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Optimization and Approximation for Polyhedra in Separable Hilbert Spaces

Author(s):

Paolo d'Alessandro

Department of Mathematics,
Third University of Rome,
Italy.

E-mail: pdalex45@gmail.com

Abstract:

This paper studies infinite dimensional polyhedra, covering the case in which range spaces of operators defining inequality systems are not closed. A rangespace method of linear programming is generalized to infinite dimensions and finite dimensional methods of approximation are introduced.



5: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Inverse problems for parabolic equations

Author(s):

A. G. Ramm

Mathematics Department,
Kansas State University,
Manhattan, KS 66506-2602,
USA
ramm@math.ksu.edu
URL: http://www.math.ksu.edu/~ramm


Abstract:

Let  in , where  is a bounded domain with a smooth connected boundary , ,  is the delta-function. Assume that ,  on . Given the extra data , , can one find ,  and  Here  is some number. An answer to this question and a method for finding ,  and  are given.



5: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Nonlinear Proximal Alternating Directions Method for Structured Variational Inequalities

Author(s):

M. Li

Department of Management Science and Engineering, School of Economics and Management
Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096,
China.
liminnju@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper, we present a nonlinear proximal alternating directions method (NPADM) for solving a class of structured variational inequalities (SVI). By choosing suitable Bregman functions, we generalize the proximal alternating directions method proposed by He, et al.. The convergence of the method is proved under quite mild assumptions and flexible parameter conditions.



4: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A New Method for Comparing Closed Intervals

Author(s):

Ibraheem Alolyan

Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences,
King Saud University, P. O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451,
Saudi Arabia

ialolyan@ksu.edu.sa
URL:http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/ALolyan
 

Abstract:

The usual ordering ``≤" on R is a total ordering, that is, for any two real numbers in R, we can determine their order without difficulty. However, for any two closed intervals in R, there is not a natural ordering among the set of all closed intervals in R. Several methods have been developed to compare two intervals. In this paper, we define the μ-ordering which is a new method for ordering closed intervals.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Pseudomonotonicity and Quasimonotonicity by Translations versus Monotonicity in Hilbert Spaces

Author(s):

George Isac and Dumitru Motreanu

Department of Mathematics, Royal Military College of Canada, P.O. Box 17000 Stn Forces
Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7k 7b4.
gisac@juno.com

Département de Mathématiques, Université de Perpignan, 66860 Perpignan, France.
motreanu@univ-perp.fr

Abstract:

Let  be a Gâteaux differentiable mapping on an open convex subset  of a Hilbert space. If there exists a straight line  such that  is pseudomonotone for any  then  is monotone. Related results using a regularity condition are given.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Merit Functions and Error Bounds for Mixed Quasivariational Inequalities

Author(s):

Muhammad Aslam Noor

Mathematics Department, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology,
Islamabad, Pakistan
noormaslam@hotmail.com


Abstract:

It is well known that the mixed quasivariational inequalities are equivalent to the fixed point problems. We use this equivalent alternative formulation to construct some merit functions for mixed quasivariational inequalities and obtain error bounds under some conditions. Since mixed quasivariational inequalities include the classical variational inequalities and the complementarity problems as special cases, our results continue to hold for these problems.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Vector Variational Inequality Problem in Terms of Bifunctions

Author(s):

C. S. Lalitha and Monika Mehta

Department of Mathematics, Rajdhani College,
University of Delhi, Raja Garden,
Delhi 110015, India
cslalitha@rediffmail.com

Department of Mathematics, Satyawati College,
University Of Delhi, Ashok Vihar,
Phase-III, Delhi 110052, India
mridul_in@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper, we consider a generalized vector variational inequality problem expressed in terms of a bifunction and establish existence theorems for this problem by using the concepts of cone convexity and cone strong quasiconvexity and employing the celebrated Fan's Lemma. We also give two types of gap functions for this problem.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Equilibria and Periodic Solutions of Projected Dynamical Systems on Sets with Corners

Author(s):

Matthew D. Johnston and Monica-Gabriela Cojocaru

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo,
Ontario, Canada
mdjohnst@math.uwaterloo.ca

Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Guelph,
Ontario, Canada
mcojocar@uoguelph.ca


Abstract:

Projected dynamical systems theory represents a bridge between the static worlds of variational inequalities and equilibrium problems, and the dynamic world of ordinary differential equations. A projected dynamical system (PDS) is given by the flow of a projected differential equation, an ordinary differential equation whose trajectories are restricted to a constraint set K. Projected differential equations are defined by discontinuous vector fields and so standard differential equations theory cannot apply. The formal study of PDS began in the 90's, although some results existed in the literature since the 70's. In this paper we present a novel result regarding existence of equilibria and periodic cycles of a finite dimensional PDS on constraint sets K, whose points satisfy a corner condition. The novelty is due to proving existence of boundary equilibria without using a variational inequality approach or monotonicity type conditions.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Traub-Potra-Type Method for Set-Valued Maps

Author(s):

Ioannis K. Argyros and Saïd Hilout

Cameron University,
Department of Mathematics Sciences,
Lawton, OK 73505,
USA

iargyros@cameron.edu

URL: http://www.cameron.edu/~ioannisa/

Poitiers University,
Laboratoire de Mathematiques et Applications,
Bd. Pierre et Marie Curie, Teleport 2, B.P. 30179,
86962 Futuroscope Chasseneuil Cedex,
France

said.hilout@math.univ-poitiers.fr

http://www-math.univ-poitiers.fr/~hilout/

Abstract:

We introduce a new iterative method for approximating a locally unique solution of variational inclusions in Banach spaces by using generalized divided differences of the first order. This method extends a method considered by Traub  (in the scalar case) and by Potra  (in the Banach spaces case) for solving nonlinear equations to variational inclusions. An existence-convergence theorem and a radius of convergence are given under some conditions on divided differences operator and Lipschitz-like continuity property of set-valued mappings. The R-order of the method is equal to the unique positive root of a certain cubic equation, which is $1.839..., and as such it compares favorably to related methods such as the Secant method which is only of order $1.618....



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Composite Variational-Like Inequalities Given By Weakly Relaxed ζ-Semi-Pseudomonotone Multi-Valued Mapping

Author(s):

Syed Shakaib Irfan, Iqbal Ahmad, Zubair Khan and Preeti Shukla

College of Engineering, Qassim University
Buraidah, Al-Qassim,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: shakaib@qec.edu.sa

College of Engineering, Qassim University
Buraidah, Al-Qassim,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: iqbal@qec.edu.sa

Department of Mathematics,
Integral University Lucknow,
India.
E-mail: zkhan@iul.ac.in

Department of Mathematics,
Integral University Lucknow,
India.
E-mail: shuklapreeti1991@gmail.com

 

Abstract:

In this article, we introduce a composite variational-like inequalities with weakly relaxed ζ-pseudomonotone multi-valued maping in reflexive Banach spaces. We obtain existence of solutions to the composite variational-like inequalities with weakly relaxed ζ-pseudomon -otone multi-valued maps in reflexive Banach spaces by using KKM theorem. We have also checked the solvability of the composite variational-like inequalities with weakly relaxed ζ-semi-pseudomonotone multi-valued maps in arbitrary Banach spaces using Kakutani-Fan-Glicksberg fixed point theorem.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Multivalued Equilibrium Problems with Trifunction

Author(s):

Muhammad Aslam Noor

Etisalat College of Engineering, P.O. Box 980, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
noor@ece.ac.ae

Abstract:

In this paper, we use the auxiliary principle technique to suggest some new classes of iterative algorithms for solving multivalued equilibrium problems with trifunction. The convergence of the proposed methods either requires partially relaxed strongly monotonicity or pseudomonotonicity. As special cases, we obtain a number of known and new results for solving various classes of equilibrium and variational inequality problems. Since multivalued equilibrium problems with trifunction include equilibrium, variational inequality and complementarity problems as specials cases, our results continue to hold for these problems.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

MSplit Equality for Monotone Inclusion Problem and Fixed Point Problem in Real Banach Spaces

Author(s):

1,2Christian Chibueze Okeke, 3Abdumalik Usman Bello, 1Chinedu Izuchukwu, and 1Oluwatosin Temitope Mewomo

1School of Mathematics,
Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa.
E-mail: okekec@ukzn.ac.za
E-mail: izuchukwuc@ukzn.ac.za
E-mail: mewomoo@ukzn.ac.za

2DST-NRF Center of Excellence in Mathematical and Statistical Sciences (CoE-Mass)
Johannesburg,
South Africa.

3Federal University,
Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State,
Nigeria.
E-mail: uabdulmalik@fudutsinma.edu.ng

Abstract:

In this paper a new iterative algorithm for approximating a common solution of split equality monotone inclusion problem and split equality fixed point problem is introduced. Using our algorithm, we state and prove a strong convergence theorem for approximating an element in the intersection of the set of solutions of a split equality monotone inclusion problem and the set of solutions of a split equality fixed point problem for right Bregman strongly nonexpansive mappings in the setting of p-uniformly convex Banach spaces which are also uniformly smooth. We also give some applications.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Nonlinear System of Mixed Ordered Variational Inclusions Involving XOR Operation

Author(s):

Iqbal Ahmad, Abdullah and Syed Shakaib Irfan

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
College of Engineering, Qassim University
Buraidah 51452, Al-Qassim,
Saudi Arabia.
E-mail: iqbal@qec.edu.sa, i.ahmad@qu.edu.sa

Zakir Husain Delhi College,
University of Delhi,
JLN Marg, New Delhi- 110 002,
India.
E-mail: abdullahdu@qec.edu.sa

Department of Mathematics,
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh,
India.
E-mail: shakaibirfan@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this work, we introduce and solve an NSMOVI frameworks system involving XOR operation with the help of a proposed iterative algorithm in real ordered positive Hilbert spaces. We discuss the existence of a solution of a considered system of inclusions involving XOR operation by applying the resolvent operator technique with XOR operation and also study the strong convergence of the sequences generated by the considered algorithm. Further, we give a numerical example in support of our considered problem which gives the grantee that all the proposed conditions of our main result are fulfilled.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Multivalued Hemiequilibrium Problems

Author(s):

Muhammad Aslam Noor

Mathematics Department,
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology,
Sector H-8/1, Islamabad,
Pakistan.
noormaslam@hotmail.com

 

Abstract:

In this paper, we introduce and study a new class of equilibrium problems, known as multivalued hemiequilibrium problems. The auxiliary principle technique is used to suggest and analyze some new classes of iterative algorithms for solving multivalued hemiequilibrium problems. The convergence of the proposed methods either requires partially relaxed strongly monotonicity or pseudomonotonicity. As special cases, we obtain a number of known and new results for solving various classes of equilibrium and variational inequality problems. Since multivalued hemiequilibrium problems include hemiequilibrium, hemivariational inequalities, variational inequalities and complementarity problems as specials cases, our results still hold for these problems.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Analysis of the Flow Field in Stenosed Bifurcated Arteries Through a Mathematical Model

Author(s):

S. Chakravarty and S. Sen

Department of Mathematics, Visva-Bharati University,
Santiniketan 731235,
India
santabrata2004@yahoo.co.in


Abstract:

The present study is dealt with an appropriate mathematical model of the arotic bifurcation in the presence of constrictions using which the physiological flow field is analized. The geometry of the bifurcated arterial segment having constrictions in both the parent and its daughter arterial lumen frequently occurring in the diseased arteries causing malfunction of the cardiovascular system , is formed mathematically with the introduction of appropriate curvatures at the lateral junctions and the flow divider. The flowing blood contained in the stenosed bifurcated artery is treated to be Newtonian and the flow is considered to be two dimensional. The motion of the arterial wall and its effect on local fluid mechanics is not ruled out from the present pursuit. The flow analysis applies the time-dependent, two-dimensional incompressible nonlinear Navier-Stokes equations for Newtonian fluid. The flow field can be obtained primarily following the radial coordinate transformation and using the appropriate boundary conditions and finally adopting a suitable finite difference scheme numerically. The influences of the arterial wall distensibility and the presence of stenosis on the flow field, the flow rate and the wall shear stresses are quantified in order to indicate the susceptibility to atherosclerotic lesions and thereby to validate the applicability of the present theoretical model.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Approximation of an AQCQ-Functional Equation and its Applications

Author(s):

Choonkil Park and Jung Rye Lee

Department of Mathematics,
Research Institute for Natural Sciences,
Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791,
Korea;

Department of Mathematics,
Daejin University,
Kyeonggi 487-711,
Korea

baak@hanyang.ac.kr
jrlee@daejin.ac.kr

Abstract:

This paper is a survey on the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of an AQCQ-functional equation in several spaces. Its content is divided into the following sections:

1. Introduction and preliminaries.

2. Generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of an AQCQ-functional equation in Banach spaces: direct method.

3. Generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of an AQCQ-functional equation in Banach spaces: fixed point method.

4. Generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of an AQCQ-functional equation in random Banach spaces: direct method.

5. Generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of an AQCQ-functional equation in random Banach spaces: fixed point method.

6. Generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of an AQCQ-functional equation in non-Archi-medean Banach spaces: direct method.

7. Generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of an AQCQ-functional equation in non-Archi-medean Banach spaces: fixed point method.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On the Sendov Conjecture for a Root Close to the Unit Circle

Author(s):

Indraneel G. Kasmalkar

Department of Mathematics,
University of California,
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States of America

E-mail: indraneelk@berkeley.edu 

Abstract:

On Sendov's conjecture, T. Chijiwa quantifies the idea stated by V. Vâjâitu and A. Zaharescu (and M. J. Miller independently), namely that if a polynomial with all roots inside the closed unit disk has a root sufficiently close to the unit circle then there is a critical point at a distance of at most one from that root. Chijiwa provides an estimate of exponential order for the required 'closeness' of the root to the unit circle so that such a critical point may exist. In this paper, we will improve this estimate to polynomial order by making major modifications and strengthening inequalities in Chijiwa's proof.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Robust Error Analysis of Solutions to Nonlinear Volterra Integral Equation in Lp Spaces

Author(s):

Hamid Baghani, Javad Farokhi-Ostad and Omid Baghani

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics,
University of Sistan and Baluchestan, P.O. Box 98135-674, Zahedan,
Iran.
E-mail: h.baghani@gmail.com

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Basic Sciences,
Birjand University of Technology, Birjand,
Iran.
E-mail: j.farrokhi@birjandut.ac.ir

Department of Mathematics and Computer Sciences,
Hakim Sabzevari University, P.O. Box 397, Sabzevar,
Iran.
E-mail: o.baghani@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this paper, we propose a novel strategy for proving an important inequality for a contraction integral equations. The obtained inequality allows us to express our iterative algorithm using a "for loop" rather than a "while loop". The main tool used in this paper is the fixed point theorem in the Lebesgue space. Also, a numerical example shows the efficiency and the accuracy of the proposed scheme.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Interpolation of L2 functions

Author(s):

Anis Rezgui

Department of Mathematics,
Faculty of Sciences,
Taibah University, Al Madina Al Munawara,
KSA.

Mathematics Department,
INSAT,
University of Carthage, Tunis,
Tunisia
E-mail: anis.rezguii@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this paper we are interested in polynomial interpolation of irregular functions namely those elements of L2(R,μ) for μ a given probability measure. This is of course doesn't make any sense unless for L2 functions that, at least, admit a continuous version. To characterize those functions we have, first, constructed, in an abstract fashion, a chain of Sobolev like subspaces of a given Hilbert space H0. Then we have proved that the chain of Sobolev like subspaces controls the existence of a continuous version for L2 functions and gives a pointwise polynomial approximation with a quite accurate error estimation.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Inequalities for Discrete F-Divergence Measures: A Survey of Recent Results

Author(s):

Sever S. Dragomir1,2

1Mathematics, School of Engineering & Science
Victoria University, PO Box 14428
Melbourne City, MC 8001,
Australia
E-mail: sever.dragomir@vu.edu.au

 
2DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in the Mathematical and Statistical Sciences,
School of Computer Science & Applied Mathematics,
University of the Witwatersrand,
Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050,
South Africa
URL: http://rgmia.org/dragomir 

Abstract:

In this paper we survey some recent results obtained by the author in providing various bounds for the celebrated f-divergence measure for various classes of functions f. Several techniques including inequalities of Jensen and Slater types for convex functions are employed. Bounds in terms of Kullback-Leibler Distance, Hellinger Discrimination and Varation distance are provided. Approximations of the f-divergence measure by the use of the celebrated Ostrowski and Trapezoid inequalities are obtained. More accurate approximation formulae that make use of Taylor's expansion with integral remainder are also surveyed. A comprehensive list of recent papers by several authors related this important concept in information theory is also included as an appendix to the main text.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Introducing the Dorfmanian: A Powerful Tool for the Calculus Of Variations

Author(s):

Olivier de La Grandville

Department of Management Science and Engineering,
Stanford University,
475 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305,
U. S. A.

E-mail: odelagrandville@gmail.com

Abstract:

We show how a modified Hamiltonian proposed by Robert Dorfman [1] to give intuitive sense to the Pontryagin maximum principle can be extended to easily obtain all high-order equations of the calculus of variations. This new concept is particularly efficient to determine the differential equations leading to the extremals of functionals defined by n-uple integrals, while a traditional approach would require -- in some cases repeatedly -- an extension of Green's theorem to n-space.
Our paper is dedicated to the memory of Robert Dorfman (1916 - 2002).



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Stability Analysis Epidemic Model of SIR Type (Susceptible, Infectious, Recovered) On The Spread Dynamic of Malaria in Ambon City

Author(s):

Alwi Smith

Education Faculty, Biology Education Programme,
University of Pattimura,
Ir. M. Putuhena Street, Poka Ambon, Moluccas, 97233,
Indonesia.
E-mail:  alwi.smith1963@gmail.com

Abstract:

This research discusses the spread of malaria in Ambon city through SIR (Susceptible, Infected, Recovered) model. This research analyzes the stability of equilibrium point on deterministic model and Basic Reproduction Ratio (R0). The result shows that the epidemic model has two equilibrium points. They are disease free equilibrium, [E0=[S,I,R]=[1,0,0]], and epidemic equilibrium, Ei=[S,I,R]= [5,497808;-3,680341;-0,818288]. The Basic Reproduction Ratio of malaria disease in Ambon city is 0,181891. This result implies that malaria disease in Ambon will not be an endemic, because malaria disease in Ambon city will be eradicated slowly over time.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Iterative Algorithm for Split Generalized Mixed Equilibrium Problem Involving Relaxed Monotone Mappings in Real Hilbert Spaces

Author(s):

1U.A. Osisiogu, F.L. Adum, and 2C. Izuchukwu

1Department of Mathematics and Computer Science,
Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki,
Nigeria.
E-mail: uosisiogu@gmail.com, adumson2@yahoo.com

2School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa.
E-mail: izuchukwuc@ukzn.ac.za, izuchukwu_c@yahoo.com

Abstract:

The main purpose of this paper is to introduce a certain class of split generalized mixed equilibrium problem involving relaxed monotone mappings. To solve our proposed problem, we introduce an iterative algorithm and obtain its strong convergence to a solution of the split generalized mixed equilibrium problems in Hilbert spaces. As special cases of the proposed problem, we studied the proximal split feasibility problem and variational inclusion problem.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Formulation of Approximate Mathematical Model for Incoming Water to Some Dams on Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Using Spline Function

Author(s):

Nadia M. J. Ibrahem, Heba A. Abd Al-Razak, and Muna M. Mustafa

Mathematics Department,
College of Sciences for Women,
University of Baghdad, Baghdad,
Iraq.
E-mail: Nadiamj_math@csw.uobaghdad.edu.iq

Abstract:

In this paper, we formulate three mathematical models using spline functions, such as linear, quadratic and cubic functions to approximate the mathematical model for incoming water to some dams. We will implement this model on dams of both rivers; dams on the Tigris are Mosul and Amara while dams on the Euphrates are Hadetha and Al-Hindya.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Global Analysis on Riemannian Manifolds

Author(s):

Louis Omenyi and Michael Uchenna

Department of Mathematics, Computer Science, Statistics and Informatics,
Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike,
Nigeria.
E-mail: omenyi.louis@funai.edu.ng, michael.uchenna@funai.edu.ng
URL: http://www.funai.edu.ng

Abstract:

In this paper, an exposition of the central concept of global analysis on a Riemannan manifold is given. We extend the theory of smooth vector fields from open subsets of Euclidean space to Riemannan manifolds. Specifically, we prove that a Riemannian manifold admits a unique solution for a system of ordinary differential equations generated by the flow of smooth tangent vectors. The idea of partial differential equations on Riemannian manifold is highlighted on the unit sphere.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Bounds on the Jensen Gap, and Implications for Mean-Concentrated Distributions

Author(s):

Xiang Gao, Meera Sitharam, Adrian E. Roitberg

Department of Chemistry, and Department of Computer & Information Science & Engineering,
University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL 32611,
USA.
E-mail: qasdfgtyuiop@gmail.com
URL: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=t2nOdxQAAAAJ

Abstract:

This paper gives upper and lower bounds on the gap in Jensen's inequality, i.e., the difference between the expected value of a function of a random variable and the value of the function at the expected value of the random variable. The bounds depend only on growth properties of the function and specific moments of the random variable. The bounds are particularly useful for distributions that are concentrated around the mean, a commonly occurring scenario such as the average of i.i.d. samples and in statistical mechanics.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

An Efficient Modification of Differential Transform Method for Solving Integral and Integro-differential Equations

Author(s):

S. Al-Ahmad, Ibrahim Mohammed Sulaiman*, and M. Mamat

Faculty of Informatics and Computing,
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin,
Terengganu, Besut Campus, 22200,
Malaysia.
E-mail: Alahmad.shadi@yahoo.com, *sulaimanib@unisza.edu.my, must@unisza.edu.my
 

Abstract:

In this paper, classes of integral and integro-differential equations are solved using a modified differential transform method. This proposed technique is based on differential transform method (DTM), Laplace transform (LT) procedure and Pad\'{e} approximants (PA). The proposed method which gives a good approximation for the true solution in a large region is referred to modified differential transform method (MDTM). An algorithm was developed to illustrate the flow of the proposed method. Some numerical problems are presented to check the applicability of the proposed scheme and the obtained results from the computations are compared with other existing methods to illustrates its efficiency. Numerical results have shown that the proposed MDTM method is promising compared to other existing methods for solving integral and integro-differential equations.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Orthogonal Collocation on Finite Elements Using Quintic Hermite Basis

Author(s):

P. Singh, N. Parumasur and C. Bansilal

University of KwaZulu-Natal,
School of Mathematics Statistics and Computer Sciences,
Private Bag X54001,
Durban, 4000,
South Africa.
E-mail: singhprook@gmail.com
parumasurn1@ukzn.ac.za
christelle18@gmail.com

Abstract:

In this paper we consider the orthogonal collocation on finite elements (OCFE) method using quintic Hermite (second degree smooth) basis functions and use it to solve partial differential equations (PDEs). The method is particularly tailored to solve third order BVPS and PDEs and to handle their special solutions such as travelling waves and solitons, which typically is the case in the KdV equation. The use of quintic polynomials and collocation using Gauss points yields a stable high order superconvergent method. OCFE using quintic Hermite basis is optimal since it is computationally more efficient than collocation methods using (first degree smooth) piecewise-polynomials and more accurate than the (third degree smooth) B-splines basis. Various computational simulations are presented to demonstrate the computational efficiency and versatility of the OCFE method.


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