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5: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Existence Results for Second Order Impulsive Functional Differential Equations with Infinite Delay

Author(s):

M. Lakrib, A. Oumansour and K. Yadi  

Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université Djillali
Liabées, B.P. 89 Sidi Bel Abbès 22000, Algérie
mlakrib@univ-sba.dz
oumansour@univ-sba.dz

Laboratoire de Mathématiques, Université Abou Bekr
Belkaid, B.P. 119 Tlemcen 13000, Algérie
k_yadi@mail.univ-tlemcen.dz

Abstract:

In this paper we study the existence of solutions for second order impulsive functional differential equations with infinite delay. To obtain our results, we apply fixed point methods.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Dynamical Analysis of HIV/AIDS Epidemic Model with Two Latent Stages, Vertical Transmission and Treatment

Author(s):

Nur Shofianah, Isnani Darti, Syaiful Anam

Mathematics Department,Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
University of Brawijaya,
Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145,
Indonesia.
E-mail: nur_shofianah@ub.ac.id, isnanidarti@ub.ac.id, syaiful@ub.ac.id

Abstract:

We discuss about dynamical analysis of HIV/AIDS epidemic model with two latent stages, vertical transmission and treatment. In this model, the spreading of HIV occurs through both horizontal and vertical transmission. There is also treatment for individual who has been HIV infected. The latent stage is divided into slow and fast latent stage based on the immune condition which varies for each individual. Dynamical analysis result shows that the model has two equilibrium points: the disease-free equilibrium point and the endemic equilibrium point. The existence and global stability of equilibrium points depend on the basic reproduction number R0. When R0 <1, only the disease-free equilibrium point exists. If R0 >1, there are two equilibrium points, which are the disease-free equilibrium point and the endemic equilibrium point. Based on the result of stability analysis, the disease-free equilibrium point is globally asymptotically stable if R0 <1, while if R0 > 1 and p=q, the endemic equilibrium point will be globally asymptotically stable. In the end, we show some numerical simulations to support the analytical result.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Algorithms for Nonlinear Problems Involving Strictly Pseudocontractive Mappings

Author(s):

Mathew Olajiire Aibinu1, Surendra Colin Thakur2, Sibusiso Moyo3

1Institute for Systems Science & KZN E-Skill CoLab,
Durban University of Technology,
Durban 4000,
South Africa.

1DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence in Mathematical and Statistical Sciences (CoE-MaSS),
Johannesburg,
South Africa.
E-mail: 
moaibinu@yahoo.com mathewa@dut.ac.za

2 KZN E-Skill CoLab,
Durban University of Technology,
Durban 4000,
South Africa.
E-mail: 
thakur@dut.ac.za

3Institute for Systems Science & Office of the DVC Research, Innovation & Engagement Milena Court,
Durban University of Technology,
 Durban 4000,
South Africa.
E-mail:
dvcrie@dut.ac.za

 

Abstract:

The puzzles in approximating a fixed point of nonlinear problems involving the class of strictly pseudocontractive mappings are conquered in this paper through viscosity implicit rules. Using generalized contraction mappings, a new viscosity iterative algorithm which is implicit in nature is proposed and analysed in Banach spaces for the class of strictly pseudocontractive mappings. The computations and analysis which are used in the proposed scheme are easy to follow and this gives rooms for a broad application of the scheme. It is obtained that the proposed iterative algorithm converges strongly to a fixed point of a μ-strictly pseudocontractive mapping which also solves a variational inequality problem. The result is also shown to hold for finite family of strictly pseudocontractive mappings. A numerical example is given to show the skillfulness of the proposed scheme and its implementation.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Optimal Control Analysis of HIV/AIDS Epidemic Model with an Antiretroviral Treatment

Author(s):

U. Habibah and R. A. Sari

Mathematics Department and Reseach Group of Biomathematics,
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science,
Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145,
Indonesia.
E-mail: ummu_habibah@ub.ac.id
 

Abstract:

A mathematical model of HIV/AIDS is governed by a system of ordinary differential equations in the presence of an antiretroviral treatment (ARV). The theory of optimal control is applied to an epidemic model of HIV/AIDS which an ARV is used as a control strategy in order to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. The optimality system is derived by applying the Pontryagin's Minimum Principle. We analyze the boundedness and positivity of solutions, and an existence of the optimal control. Numerical simulations are conducted to obtain numerical solution of the optimally system.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Numerical Studies on Dynamical Systems Method for Solving Ill-posed Problems with Noise

Author(s):

N. H. Sweilam and A. M. Nagy

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science,
Cairo University,
Giza, Egypt.
n_sweilam@yahoo.com

Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science,
Benha University,
Benha, Egypt.
abdelhameed_nagy@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper, we apply the dynamical systems method proposed by A. G. RAMM, and the the variational regularization method to obtain numerical solution to some ill-posed problems with noise. The results obtained are compared to exact solutions. It is found that the dynamical systems method is preferable because it is easier to apply, highly stable, robust, and it always converges to the solution even for large size models.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On the Numerical Solution for Deconvolution Problems with Noise

Author(s):

N. H. Sweilam

Cairo University, Faculty of Science, Mathematics Department,
Giza, Egypt.
n-sweilam@yahoo.com


Abstract:

In this paper three different stable methods for solving numerically deconvolution problems with noise are studied. The methods examined are the variational regularization method, the dynamical systems method, and the iterative regularized processes. Gravity surveying problem with noise is studied as a model problem. The results obtained by these methods are compared to the exact solution for the model problem. It is found that these three methods are highly stable methods and always converge to the solution even for large size models. The relative higher accuracy is obtained by using the iterative regularized processes.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Pseudo Almost Periodic Solutions to Some Neutral Functional-Differential Equations

Author(s):

Toka Diagana and Eduardo Hernández

Department of Mathematics, Howard University
2441 6th Street NW, Washington DC 20059,
USA.
tdiagana@howard.edu

Departamento de Matemática, I.C.M.C. Universidade de São Paulo,
Caixa Postal 668, 13560-970, São Carlos SP,
Brazil.
lalohm@icmc.sc.usp.br


Abstract:

This paper discusses the existence and uniqueness of pseudo almost periodic solutions to a class of partial neutral functional-differential equations. Under some suitable assumptions, existence and uniqueness results are obtained. An example is given to illustrate abstract results.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Approximation of Common Fixed Points of a Finite Family of Asymptotically Demicontractive Mappings in Banach Spaces

Author(s):

Yuchao Tang, Yong Cai, Liqun Hu and Liwei Liu


 Department of Mathematics, NanChang University,
Nanchang 330031, P.R. China
 Department of Mathematics, Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, P.R. China


hhaaoo1331@yahoo.com.cn
 

Abstract:

By virtue of new analytic techniques, we analyze and study
several strong convergence theorems for the approximation of
common fixed points of asymptotically demicontractive mappings
via the multistep iterative sequence with errors in Banach
spaces. Our results improve and extend the corresponding ones
announced by Osilike , Osilike and Aniagbosor, Igbokwe, Cho et
al., Moore and Nnoli, Hu and all the others.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Uniform Convergence of Schwarz Method for Noncoercive Variational Inequalities Simple Proof

Author(s):

M. Haiour and E. Hadidi.


Department of mathematics, LANOS Laboratory,
Faculty of the Sciences, University Badji Mokhtar,
P.O 23000 Annaba,
Algeria.


haiourm@yahoo.fr,
ehadidi71@yahoo.fr

Abstract:

In this paper we study noncoercive variational inequalities, using the Schwarz method. The main idea of this method consists in decomposing the domain in two subdomains. We give a simple proof for the main result concerning L error estimates, using the Zhou geometrical convergence and the L approximation given for finite element methods by Courty-Dumont.  



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Schwarz Method for Variational Inequalities Related to Ergodic Control Problems

Author(s):

S. Saadi, H. Mécheri

Department of Mathematics, Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba 23000,
P.O.Box. 12, Annaba 23000, Algeria

signor_2000@yahoo.fr

Mcherihalima@yahoo.fr

Abstract:

In this paper, we study variational inequalities related to ergodic control problems studied by M. Boulbrachène and H. Sissaoui [11], where the "discount factor" (i.e., the zero order term) is set to 0, we use an overlapping Schwarz method on nomatching grid which consists in decomposing the domain in two subdomains. For α ∈ ]0.1[ we provide the discretization on each subdomain converges in L -norm.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

To a Banach *-algebra in a Semipartial Dynamical System

Author(s):

Bahman Tabatabaie Shourijeh and Seyed Mostafa Zebarjad

Department of Mathematics,
College of Sciences,
Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454,
Iran.

E-mail: tabataba@math.susc.ac.ir    
zebarjad@mail.yu.ac.ir
URL: http://research.shirazu.ac.ir/faculty/More.asp?ID=207

Abstract:

By a partial dynamical system, we mean a triple containing a C*-algebra A, a discrete group G and a partial action of G on A. There are two C*--algebras associated to a given partial dynamical system. These are nothing but the certain C*-completions of a Banach *-algebra. In constructing such a Banach *-algebra, usually, a tedious limit process is used to apply. In this paper, we prove some theorems in this context without any limit process.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Iterative Approximation of Zeros of Accretive Type Maps, with Applications

Author(s):

Charles Ejike Chidume, Chinedu Godwin Ezea, and Emmanuel Ezzaka Otubo

African University of Science and Technology, Abuja,
Nigeria.
E-mail: cchidume@aust.edu.ng
E-mail: chinedu.ezea@gmail.com
E-mail: mrzzaka@yahoo.com

Department of Mathematics,
Nnamdi Azikiwe University,
Awka,
Nigeria
E-mail: chinedu.ezea@gmail.com

Ebonyi State University,
Abakaliki,
Nigeria
E-mail: mrzzaka@yahoo.com

Abstract:

Let E be a reflexive real Banach space with uniformly Gâteaux differentiable norm. Let J:E E* be the normalized duality map on E and let A:E* E be a map such that AJ is an accretive and uniformly continuous map. Suppose that (AJ)-1(0) in nonempty. Then, an iterative sequence is constructed and proved to converge strongly to some u* in (AJ)-1(0). Application of our theorem in the case that E is a real Hilbert space yields a sequence which converges strongly to a zero of A. Finally, non-trivial examples of maps A for which AJ is accretive are presented..



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Inequalities for Discrete F-Divergence Measures: A Survey of Recent Results

Author(s):

Sever S. Dragomir1,2

1Mathematics, School of Engineering & Science
Victoria University, PO Box 14428
Melbourne City, MC 8001,
Australia
E-mail: sever.dragomir@vu.edu.au

 
2DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in the Mathematical and Statistical Sciences,
School of Computer Science & Applied Mathematics,
University of the Witwatersrand,
Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050,
South Africa
URL: http://rgmia.org/dragomir 

Abstract:

In this paper we survey some recent results obtained by the author in providing various bounds for the celebrated f-divergence measure for various classes of functions f. Several techniques including inequalities of Jensen and Slater types for convex functions are employed. Bounds in terms of Kullback-Leibler Distance, Hellinger Discrimination and Varation distance are provided. Approximations of the f-divergence measure by the use of the celebrated Ostrowski and Trapezoid inequalities are obtained. More accurate approximation formulae that make use of Taylor's expansion with integral remainder are also surveyed. A comprehensive list of recent papers by several authors related this important concept in information theory is also included as an appendix to the main text.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Low Order Least-Squares Nonconforming Finite Element Method for Steady Magnetohydrodynamic Equations

Author(s):

Z. Yu, D. Shi and H. Zhu

College of Science,
Zhongyuan University of Technology,
Zhengzhou 450007,
China.
E-mail: 5772@zut.edu.cn

School of Mathematics and Statistics,
Zhengzhou University,
Zhengzhou 450001,
China.
E-mail: shi_dy@126.com

Mathematics Department,
University of Southern Mississippi,
Hattiesburg MS, 39406,
U.S.A
E-mail: huiqing.zhu@usm.edu

Abstract:

A low order least-squares nonconforming finite element (NFE) method is proposed for magnetohydrodynamic equations with EQ1rot element and zero-order Raviart-Thomas element. Based on the above element's typical interpolations properties, the existence and uniqueness of the approximate solutions are proved and the optimal order error estimates for the corresponding variables are derived.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

An Existence of the Solution to Neutral Stochastic Functional Differential Equations Under the Holder Condition

Author(s):

Young-Ho Kim

Department of Mathematics,
Changwon National University,
Changwon, Gyeongsangnam-do 51140,
Korea.

E-mail: iyhkim@changwon.ac.kr

Abstract:

In this paper, we show the existence and uniqueness of solution of the neutral stochastic functional differential equations under weakened H\"{o}lder condition, a weakened linear growth condition, and a contractive condition. Furthermore, in order to obtain the existence of a solution to the equation we used the Picard sequence.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Attempts to Define a Baum--Connes Map Via Localization of Categories for Inverse Semigroups

Author(s):

Bernhard Burgstaller

Departamento de Matematica,
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina,
CEP 88.040-900 Florianopolis-SC,
Brasil.
E-mail: bernhardburgstaller@yahoo.de
URL: http://mathematik.work/bernhardburgstaller/index.html

Abstract:

An induction functor in inverse semigroup equivariant KK-theory is considered, and together with %a restriction functors certain results similar to those known from the Mackey machinery are shown. It is also verified that for any so-called E-continuous inverse semigroup its equivariant KK-theory satisfies the universal property and is a triangulated category.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Residual-Based A Posteriori Error Estimates For A Conforming Mixed Finite Element Discretization of the Monge-Ampere Equation

Author(s):

J. Adetola, K. W. Houedanou and B. Ahounou

Institut de Mathematiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP),
Universite d'Abomey-Calavi
E-mail:  adetolajamal58@yahoo.com

Departement de Mathematiques,
Faculte des Sciences et Techniques (FAST),
Universite d'Abomey-Calavi
E-mail: khouedanou@yahoo.fr

Departement de Mathematiques,
Faculte des Sciences et Techniques (FAST),
Universite d'Abomey-Calavi
E-mail: bahounou@yahoo.fr

 

Abstract:

In this paper we develop a new a posteriori error analysis for the Monge-Ampere equation approximated by conforming finite element method on isotropic meshes in R2. The approach utilizes a slight variant of the mixed discretization proposed by Gerard Awanou and Hengguang Li in [4]. The a posteriori error estimate is based on a suitable evaluation on the residual of the finite element solution. It is proven that the a posteriori error estimate provided in this paper is both reliable and efficient.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Analysis of the Dynamic Response of the Soil-pile Behavioral Model Under Lateral Load

Author(s):

Ibrahima Mbaye, Mamadou Diop, Aliou Sonko and Malick Ba

University of Thies,
Department of Mathematics, Bp 967 Thies,
Senegal.
E-mail: imbaye@univ-thies.sn
mamadou.diop@univ-thies.sn
aliousonko59@gmail.com
mmalickba@hotmail.fr
URL: https://www.univ-thies.sn
 

Abstract:

This work aims to extend and improve our previous study on mathematical and numerical analysis of stationary Pasternak model. In this paper a dynamic response of Pasternak model is considered. On the one hand we establish the existence and uniqueness of the solution by using the Lax-Milgram theorem and the spectral theory thus the existence of a Hilbert basis is shown and the spectral decomposition of any solution of the problem can be established and on the other hand the finite element method is used to determinate the numerical results. Furthermore, the influence of soil parameters Gp and Kp on the displacement of the pious is studied numerically at any time tn.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Caratheodory's Approximate Solutions of Stochastic Differential Equations Under the Hölder Condition

Author(s):

Bo-Kyeong Kim and Young-Ho Kim

Department of Mathematics,
Changwon National University,
Changwon, Gyeongsangnam-do 51140,
Korea.
E-mail: claire9576@naver.com
yhkim@changwon.ac.kr

Abstract:

In this paper, based on the theorem of the uniqueness of the solution of the stochastic differential equation, the convergence possibility of the Caratheodory's approximate solution was studied by approximating the unique solution. To obtain this convergence theorem, we used a Hölder condition and a weakened linear growth condition. Furthermore, The auxiliary theorems for the existence and continuity of the Caratheodory's approximate solution were investigated as a prerequisite.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

A Self Adaptive Method for Solving Split Bilevel Variational Inequalities Problem in Hilbert Spaces

Author(s):

Francis Akutsah1, Ojen Kumar Narain2, Funmilayo Abibat Kasali3 Olawale Kazeem Oyewole4 and Akindele Adebayo Mebawondu5

1School of Mathematics,
Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa.
E-mail: 216040405@stu.ukzn.ac.za, akutsah@gmail.com

2School of Mathematics,
Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa. 
E-mail: naraino@ukzn.ac.za

3Mountain Top University,
Prayer City, Ogun State,
Nigeria.
E-mail: fkasali@mtu.edu.ng

4Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.
E-mail: 217079141@stu.ukzn.ac.za, oyewoleolawalekazeem@gmail.co

5School of Mathematics,
Statistics and Computer Science,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban,
South Africa. 
DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Mathematical and Statistical Sciences (CoE-MaSS),
Johannesburg,
South Africa.
Mountain Top University,
Prayer City, Ogun State,
Nigeria.
E-mail: dele@aims.ac.za

Abstract:

In this work, we study the split bilevel variational inequality problem in two real Hilbert spaces. We propose a new modified inertial projection and contraction method for solving the aforementioned problem when one of the operators is pseudomonotone and Lipschitz continuous while the other operator is α-strongly monotone. The use of the weakly sequential continuity condition on the Pseudomonotone operator is removed in this work. A Strong convergence theorem of the proposed method is proved under some mild conditions. In addition, some numerical experiments are presented to show the efficiency and implementation of our method in comparison with other methods in the literature in the framework of infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. The results obtained in this paper extend, generalize and improve several.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Constraint Qualifications for Multiobjective Programming Problems on Hadamard Manifolds

Author(s):

Arnav Ghosh, Balendu Bhooshan Upadhyay and I.M. Stancu-Minasian

Department of Mathematics,
Indian Institute of Technology Patna,
Patna,
India.
E-mail: arnav_2021ma09@iitp.ac.in

Department of Mathematics,
Indian Institute of Technology Patna,
Patna,
India.
E-mail: bhooshan@iitp.ac.in

"Gheorghe Mihoc-Caius Iacob" Institute of Mathematical Statistics and Applied Mathematics of the Romanian Academy,
Bucharest,
Romania.
E-mail: stancu_minasian@yahoo.com 

Abstract:

The study of optimization methods on manifolds has emerged as an immensely significant topic in mathematics due its ubiquitous applicability as well as various computational advantages associated with it. Motivated by this fact, the present article is devoted to the study of a class of constrained multiobjective programming problems (MOPP) in the framework of Hadamard manifolds. We present the generalized Guignard constraint qualification (GGCQ) in the framework of Hadamard manifolds for (MOPP). Employing (GGCQ), we derive Karush-Kuhn-Tucker type necessary optimality criteria for (MOPP). Moreover, we present several other constraint qualifications (CQs) on Hadamard manifolds, namely, Abadie's CQ, generalized Abadie's CQ, Cottle-type CQ, Slater-type CQ, linear CQ, linear objective CQ and Mangasarian-Fromovitz CQ. Further, we establish various relations between these constraint qualifications. In particular, we show that these constraint qualifications, in turn, become sufficient conditions ensuring that (GGCQ) is satisfied.


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