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10: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Bounds on the Jensen Gap, and Implications for Mean-Concentrated Distributions

Author(s):

Xiang Gao, Meera Sitharam, Adrian E. Roitberg

Department of Chemistry, and Department of Computer & Information Science & Engineering,
University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL 32611,
USA.
E-mail: qasdfgtyuiop@gmail.com
URL: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=t2nOdxQAAAAJ

Abstract:

This paper gives upper and lower bounds on the gap in Jensen's inequality, i.e., the difference between the expected value of a function of a random variable and the value of the function at the expected value of the random variable. The bounds depend only on growth properties of the function and specific moments of the random variable. The bounds are particularly useful for distributions that are concentrated around the mean, a commonly occurring scenario such as the average of i.i.d. samples and in statistical mechanics.



5: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Improvement of Jensen's Inequality for Superquadratic Functions

Author(s):

S. Abramovich, B. Ivanković, and J. Pečarić

Department of Mathematics,
University of Haifa,
Haifa 31905,
Israel.
abramos@math.haifa.ac.il

Faculty of Transport and Trafic Engineering,
University of Zagreb,
Vukelićeva 4, 10000,
Croatia
bozidar.ivankovic@zg.t-com.hr

Faculty of Textile,
University of Zagreb,
Prilaz Baruna Filipovića 30, 10000 Zagreb,
Croatia
pecaric@element.hr

 

Abstract:

Since 1907, the famous Jensen's inequality has been refined in different manners. In our paper, we refine it applying superquadratic functions and separations of domains for convex functions. There are convex functions which are not superquadratic and superquadratic functions which are not convex. For superquadratic functions which are not convex we get inequalities analogue to inequalities satisfied by convex functions. For superquadratic functions which are convex (including many useful functions) we get refinements of Jensen's inequality and its extensions.



3: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Superquadracity, Bohr's Inequality and Deviation from a Mean Value

Author(s):

S. Abramovich, J. Barić, and J. Pečarić

Department of Mathematics, University of Haifa,
Haifa, 31905,
Israel

abramos@math.haifa.ac.il
 

FESB, University of Split,
Rudera Bošcovića,
B.B., 21000, Split,
Croatia
jbaric@fesb.hr
 

Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb,
Prilaz Baruna Filipovića,
30, 10000 Zagreb,
Croatia.
pecaric@hazu.hr
 

Abstract:

Extensions of Bohr's inequality via superquadracity are obtained, where instead of the power p=2 which appears in Bohr's inequality we get similar results when we deal with p≥ 2 and with p≤ 2. Also, via superquadracity we extend a bound for deviation from a Mean Value.



2: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Hardy Type Inequalities via Convexity - The Journey so Far

Author(s):

 James A. Oguntuase and Lars-Erik Persson

 Department of Mathematics, University of Agriculture,
 P. M. B. 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Department of Mathematics, Luleć University of Technology,
SE-971 87, Luleć , Sweden.

oguntuase@yahoo.com, larserik@sm.luth.se .
 

Abstract:

It is nowadays well-known that Hardy's inequality (like many other inequalities) follows directly from Jensen's inequality. Most of the development of Hardy type inequalities has not used this simple fact, which obviously was unknown by Hardy himself and many others. Here we report on some results obtained in this way mostly after 2002 by mainly using this fundamental idea.  



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

On Generalization of Hardy-type Inequalities

Author(s):

K. Rauf, S. Ponnusamy and J. O. Omolehin  

Department of Mathematics,
University of Ilorin, Ilorin,
Nigeria
krauf@unilorin.edu.ng

Department of Mathematics,
Indian Institute of Technology Madras,
Chennai- 600 036,
India
samy@iitm.ac.in

Department of Mathematics,
University of Ilorin, Ilorin,
Nigeria
omolehin_joseph@yahoo.com

Abstract:

This paper is devoted to some new generalization of Hardy-type integral inequalities and the reversed forms. The study is to determine conditions on which the generalized inequalities hold using some known hypothesis. Improvement of some inequalities are also presented.



1: Paper Source PDF document

Paper's Title:

Some New Generalizations of Jensen's Inequality with Related Results and Applications

Author(s):

Steven G. From

Department of Mathematics
University of Nebraska at Omaha
Omaha, Nebraska 68182-0243.

E-mail: sfrom@unomaha.edu

Abstract:

In this paper, some new generalizations of Jensen's inequality are presented. In particular, upper and lower bounds for the Jensen gap are given and compared analytically and numerically to previously published bounds for both the discrete and continuous Jensen's inequality cases. The new bounds compare favorably to previously proposed bounds. A new method based on a series of locally linear interpolations is given and is the basis for most of the bounds given in this paper. The wide applicability of this method will be demonstrated. As by-products of this method, we shall obtain some new Hermite-Hadamard inequalities for functions which are 3-convex or 3-concave. The new method works to obtain bounds for the Jensen gap for non-convex functions as well, provided one or two derivatives of the nonlinear function are continuous. The mean residual life function of applied probability and reliability theory plays a prominent role in construction of bounds for the Jensen gap. We also present an exact integral representation for the Jensen gap in the continuous case. We briefly discuss some inequalities for other types of convexity, such as convexity in the geometric mean, and briefly discuss applications to reliability theory.


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