


Paper's Title:
Extreme Curvature of Polynomials and Level Sets
Author(s):
Stephanie P. Edwards, arah J. Jensen, Edward Niedermeyer, and Lindsay Willett
Department of Mathematics,
Hope College,
Holland, MI 49423,
U.S.A.
Email: sedwards@hope.edu
Email: tarahjaye@gmail.com
Email: eddie.niedermeyer@gmail.com
Email: willettlm1@gmail.com
WWW: http://math.hope.edu/sedwards/
Abstract:
Let f be a real polynomial of degree n. Determining the maximum number of zeros of kappa, the curvature of f, is an easy problem: since the zeros of kappa are the zeros of f'', the curvature of f is 0 at most n2 times. A much more intriguing problem is to determine the maximum number of relative extreme values for the function kappa. Since kappa'=0 at each extreme point of kappa, we are interested in the maximum number of zeros of kappa'. In 2004, the first author and R. Gordon showed that if all the zeros of f'' are real, then f has at most n1 points of extreme curvature. We use level curves and auxiliary functions to study the zeros of the derivatives of these functions. We provide a partial solution to this problem, showing that f has at most n1 points of extreme curvature, given certain geometrical conditions. The conjecture that f has at most n1 points of extreme curvature remains open.
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