


Paper's Title:
Dynamical Analysis of HIV/AIDS Epidemic Model with Two Latent Stages, Vertical Transmission and Treatment
Author(s):
Nur Shofianah, Isnani Darti, Syaiful Anam
Mathematics Department,Faculty of
Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
University of Brawijaya,
Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145,
Indonesia.
Email:
nur_shofianah@ub.ac.id,
isnanidarti@ub.ac.id,
syaiful@ub.ac.id
Abstract:
We discuss about dynamical analysis of HIV/AIDS epidemic model with two latent stages, vertical transmission and treatment. In this model, the spreading of HIV occurs through both horizontal and vertical transmission. There is also treatment for individual who has been HIV infected. The latent stage is divided into slow and fast latent stage based on the immune condition which varies for each individual. Dynamical analysis result shows that the model has two equilibrium points: the diseasefree equilibrium point and the endemic equilibrium point. The existence and global stability of equilibrium points depend on the basic reproduction number R_{0}. When R_{0} <1, only the diseasefree equilibrium point exists. If R_{0} >1, there are two equilibrium points, which are the diseasefree equilibrium point and the endemic equilibrium point. Based on the result of stability analysis, the diseasefree equilibrium point is globally asymptotically stable if R_{0} <1, while if R_{0} > 1 and p=q, the endemic equilibrium point will be globally asymptotically stable. In the end, we show some numerical simulations to support the analytical result.
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